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  1. Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus classified in Flaviviridae family such as dengue (DENV), yellow fever, and West Nile virus. An outbreak of ZIKV infection can pose a major public health risk be...

    Authors: Minna Shin, Kiju Kim, Hyo-Ji Lee, Yu-Jin Jung, Jeongho Park and Tae-Wook Hahn
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:91
  2. To improve the health of the rural population in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), the government has emphasized a primary health care approach in the Health Sector Reform Strategy by 2025. The o...

    Authors: Daisuke Nonaka, Nouhak Inthavong, Kenzo Takahashi, Ketmany Chanthakoumane, Yuko Toyama, Chanthaly Luangphaxay, Tiengkham Pongvongsa and Sengchanh Kounnavong
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:90
  3. While the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic differed per country, the impact on African nations was comparable. Health, money, the economy, education, and inventions have all been criticised over the years, but ...

    Authors: Olanrewaju Akinola, David Bamidele Olawade and Aanuoluwapo Clement David-Olawade
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:89
  4. Multiple sexual partnership (MSP) is a major cause of HIV/AIDS epidemic and unplanned pregnancies in sub-Saharan Africa. We investigate how individual, household, interpersonal, community and structural factor...

    Authors: Isaac Yeboah, Joshua Okyere, Nutifafa Eugene Yaw Dey, Ronald Osei Mensah, Pascal Agbadi and Mary Naana Essiaw
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:88
  5. The World Health Organization declared monkeypox as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on July 23, 2022. As of July 25th, 2022, there were 16,016 laboratory-confirmed cases reported worldwide w...

    Authors: Chang Chee Tao, Xin-Jie Lim, Awatef Amer Nordin, Chern Choong Thum, Sondi Sararaks, Kalaiarasu Periasamy and Philip Rajan
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:87
  6. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has emerged as a major threat to the global healthcare economy during Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), especially in developing countries like Pakistan where the healthcare f...

    Authors: Laiba Imran, Syeda Tayyaba Rehan and Ka Yiu Lee
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:86
  7. Indigenous people of different ethnic groups in Ethiopia are noticeably reliant on traditional medicinal plants for their healthcare due to their effective medicinal values. The study was aimed to document dif...

    Authors: Mohammed Yimam, Siraj Mammo Yimer and Tamirat Bekele Beressa
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:85
  8. Authors: Hisham Ahmed Orebi, Hesham Elsayed Emara, Abdallah Ahmoud Alhindi, Mohamed Reda Shahin, Arwa Hassan Hegazy, Ibrahim Ali Kabbash and Shimaa M. Saied
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:84

    The original article was published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:37

  9. Infant and child mortality due to diarrhea is a very serious and widespread problem all over the world, particularly in sub-Saharan African countries. Using an oral rehydration solution (ORS) is an easy, inexp...

    Authors: Fantu Mamo Aragaw, Daniel Bekele Ketema and Maereg Wolde
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:83
  10. Among western African countries, the Republic of Ghana has maintained an economic growth rate of 5% since the 1980s and is now categorized as a middle-income country. However, as with other developing countrie...

    Authors: Motoi Adachi, Kiyosu Taniguchi, Hiroki Hori, Taketoshi Mizutani, Aya Ishizaka, Koichi Ishikawa, Tetsuro Matano, David Opare, Doris Arhin, Franklin Bekoe Asiedu, William Kwabena Ampofo, Dorothy Manu Yeboah, Kwadwo Ansah Koram, Abraham Kwabena Anang and Hiroshi Kiyono
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:81
  11. Dengue has become a major public health threat in Bangladesh since 2000, when the first outbreak was reported. Each outbreak has distinct characteristics, and thus, the report of the outbreak helps to understa...

    Authors: Mohammad Robed Amin, Mohammad Rafiqul Islam, Muktadir Bhuiyan, Md. Shahnoor Islam, Fathema Islam, Habiba Jannatun Tuli, Afra Nawar, Tamanna Tabassum, Jannatul Fardous and Mohammad Jahid Hasan
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:80
  12. Anaemia, anisocytosis, malnutrition (especially stunting) are common health problems in developing countries with children being the most vulnerable. These conditions have negative impacts on human performance...

    Authors: Rene Ning Teh, Irene Ule Ngole Sumbele, Gillian Asoba Nkeudem, Sorelle Mekachie Sandie, Sharon Odmia Sama, Samuel Metuge and Helen Kuokuo Kimbi
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:79
  13. The emergence of resistant Candida species to antifungal drugs has led to resurgence in herbal usage globally. However, little is known about anti-candida plants. This study explored ethnomedicinal plants as trea...

    Authors: Betty Akwongo, Esther Katuura, Anthony M. Nsubuga, Patience Tugume, Morgan Andama, Godwin Anywar, Mary Namaganda, Savina Asimwe and Esezah Kyomugisha Kakudidi
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:78
  14. Brucellosis is among the most widespread zoonotic diseases worldwide. Although rare, nervous system involvement due to Brucella infection is a major diagnostic challenge in endemic regions.

    Authors: HamidReza Naderi, Fereshte Sheybani, Ashkan Parsa, Mahboubeh Haddad and Farzaneh khoroushi
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:77
  15. Although platelet indices are routinely available using automated blood cell counters, the clinical applications of these parameters for malaria and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) have not been substantially i...

    Authors: Nant The Su Mon, Noppadon Tangpukdee, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, Kobporn Boonnak, Srivicha Krudsood, Shigeyuki Kano, Polrat Wilairatana and Wattana Leowattana
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:76
  16. SARS-CoV-2 seroepidemiological studies are used to guide public health decision making and to prepare for emerging infectious diseases. Disease occurrence estimates are limited in the Philippines, the country ...

    Authors: Greco Mark B. Malijan, Tansy Edwards, Kristal An Agrupis, Shuichi Suzuki, Annavi Marie G. Villanueva, Ana Ria Sayo, Ferdinand De Guzman, Alexis Q. Dimapilis, Rontgene M. Solante, Elizabeth O. Telan, Dorcas V. Umipig, Kenji Ota, Fumitaka Nishimura, Katsunori Yanagihara, Mary Jane Salazar, Edmundo B. Lopez…
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:75
  17. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) preschool age children are more vulnerable to soil-transmitted helminths (STH) which caused millions of morbidity because of low socioeconomic status and lack of clean water and sanita...

    Authors: Daniel Gashaneh Belay, Anteneh Ayelign Kibret, Mengistie Diress, Yibeltal Yismaw Gela, Deresse Sinamaw, Wudneh Simegn, Amare Agmas Andualem, Abdulwase Mohammed Seid, Desalegn Anmut Bitew, Mohammed Abdu Seid, Habitu Birhan Eshetu, Tsega Degu Jemere, Yalelet Fentaw Shiferaw, Yadelew Yimer Shibabaw and Dagmawi Chilot
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:74
  18. Malaria is a global infectious (vector-borne: Anopheles mosquitoes) disease which is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Among all its parasitic (protozoan: Plasmodium sp.) var...

    Authors: Aymar Akilimali, Charles Bisimwa, Abdullahi Tunde Aborode, Chrispin Biamba, Leonard Sironge, Alain Balume, Rahma Sayadi, Samuel Babatunde Ajibade, Akintola Ashraf Akintayo, Tolulope Olamide Oluwadairo and Emmanuel Adebowale Fajemisin
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:73
  19. Pericardial effusion is a late manifestation of HIV more commonly observed in individuals with depressed CD4 counts. Although Mycobacterium tuberculosis remains to be one of the most frequently identified pathoge...

    Authors: Ryan R. Yanes, Greco Mark B. Malijan, Lyka Kymm Escora-Garcia, Stephanie Angel M. Ricafrente, Mary Jane Salazar, Shuichi Suzuki, Chris Smith, Koya Ariyoshi, Rontgene M. Solante, Edna M. Edrada and Kensuke Takahashi
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:72
  20. Methicillin resistance, inducible clindamycin resistance (ICR), biofilm production, and increased minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of vancomycin in Staphylococcus aureus are major causes of antibiotic treat...

    Authors: Sujina Maharjan, Mehraj Ansari, Pawan Maharjan, Kul Raj Rai, K. C. Sabina, Hari Prasad Kattel, Ganesh Rai and Shiba Kumar Rai
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:71
  21. The national malaria control policy in the Central African Republic (CAR) promotes basic, clinical, and operational research on malaria in collaboration with national and international research institutions. P...

    Authors: Romaric Nzoumbou-Boko, Guillaume Velut, Romeo-Karl Imboumy-Limoukou, Alexandre Manirakiza and Jean-Bernard Lekana-Douki
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:70
  22. Influenza viruses are an important cause of respiratory infections across all age groups. Information on occurrence and magnitude of influenza virus infections in different populations in Kenya however remains...

    Authors: Gabriel Miring’u, Betty Muriithi, Hisashi Shoji, Samwel M. L. Symekher, Ernest Apondi Wandera, Claire Majisu, Mitsuo Takei, Koome Mwiraria, Yukie Saito, Satoshi Kaneko and Issei Tokimatsu
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:69
  23. Malnutrition has various adverse effects in children. This study aimed to determine risk factors for malnutrition among hospitalised children, changes in nutritional status at admission and discharge and effec...

    Authors: Aiko Inoue, Bhim Gopal Dhoubhadel, Dhruba Shrestha, Ganendra Bhakta Raya, Yumiko Hayashi, Sudeep Shrestha, Tansy Edwards, Christopher Martin Parry, Koya Ariyoshi and Sharon Elizabeth Cox
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:68
  24. Neisseria meningitidis causes severe life-threatening meningococcal disease with a case fatality rate of 10–15% even with proper treatment. In Ethiopia, particularly in our study area, inadequate information is f...

    Authors: Samuel Assefa, Alemseged Abdissa, Yared Alemu, Lencho Girma and Degemu Sahlu
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:67
  25. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a pandemic disease. There are limited data on predictors of good preventive behaviors among healthcare workers. This study aimed to evaluate if any factors were predictor...

    Authors: Chutatip Limkunakul, Sadiporn Phuthomdee, Palakorn Srinithiwat, Sasinun Chanthanaroj, Watchara Boonsawat and Kittisak Sawanyawisuth
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:65
  26. Monkeypox (MPX) was declared a public health emergency of international concern by the World Health Organization (WHO), as of July 23rd, 2022. Fake news spread on social media has already surfaced and contributed...

    Authors: Ramadan Abdelmoez Farahat, Michael G. Head, Samar Tharwat, Yasmeen Alabdallat, Mohammad Yasir Essar, Basel Abdelazeem and Mounir Ould Setti
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:63
  27. The Punjab health authorities have declared a cholera outbreak with over 2000 acute diarrheal cases being reported in Lahore in April 2022 and 25 laboratory-confirmed cases as of 27 May 2022. Overpopulation, p...

    Authors: Aiman Naveed, Mohammad Umer, Muhammad Ehsan, Muhammad Ayyan, Abia Shahid, Afra Zahid, Mohammad Yasir Essar and Huzaifa Ahmad Cheema
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:62
  28. Polypharmacy has traditionally been defined in various texts as the use of 5 or more chronic drugs, the use of inappropriate drugs, or drugs that are not clinically authorized. The aim of this study was to eva...

    Authors: Hooman Ghasemi, Niloofar Darvishi, Nader Salari, Amin Hosseinian-Far, Hakimeh Akbari and Masoud Mohammadi
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:60
  29. Vaccination can be an essential protective measure against Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) if well received by the public. Various factors affect the acceptance or refusal of vaccines. Several waves of COV...

    Authors: Ahmed Najeeb Albatineh, Pegah Dalvand, Marzieh Aslani, Serdar Saritas, Vajiheh Baghi and Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:59
  30. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) lesions are chronic and result in disfiguring scars. The microbiological aspects of these wounds have not been systematically investigated. We have recently reported that 61.5% of ...

    Authors: T. D. Jayasena Kaluarachchi, Paul M. Campbell, Renu Wickremasinghe, Shalindra Ranasinghe, Surangi Yasewardene, Hiromel De Silva, Andrew J. McBain and Manjula Weerasekera
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:58
  31. Worldwide, come out and dissemination of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) producing Enterobacteriaceae has been warning the efficacy of antibiotics to treat an infection. Hospital wastewaters were a r...

    Authors: Alehegn Amare Kebede, Tesfaye Legesse Bedada, Dejenie Shiferaw Teklu, Degefu Beyene and Kassu Desta Tullu
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:57
  32. Schistosomiasis is a parasitic infectious disease caused by flatworms of the Schistosoma genus. The global burden of schistosomiasis is high. In Malawi, schistosomiasis is among the top 20 causes of outpatient de...

    Authors: Wongani Nyangulu, Christina Sadimba, Joyce Nyirenda, George Twaibu, John Kamwendo, Kelvin Chawawa, Angella Masano, Elizabeth Chilinda, Sekeleghe Kayuni, Adamson S. Muula and Kenneth Maleta
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:56
  33. COVID-19 has spread rapidly across the world, producing significant morbidity and mortality. We investigated the cardiovascular complications and association of laboratory parameters with severity and mortalit...

    Authors: Kanhai Lalani, Sneha Seshadri, Jyothi Samanth, Jaimin Jose Thomas, M. Sudhakar Rao, Nisha Kotian, Jijin Satheesh and Krishnananda Nayak
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:55
  34. The growing burden of diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HTN) on the background of endemic Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) is a concern in low- and middle-income countries. We a...

    Authors: Andrew Kazibwe, Kuteesa Ronald Bisaso, Andrew Peter Kyazze, Sandra Ninsiima, Phillip Ssekamatte, Felix Bongomin, Joseph Baruch Baluku, Davis Kibirige, George Patrick Akabwai, Moses R. Kamya, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Pauline Byakika-Kibwika, Magid Kagimu, Robert Kalyesubula and Irene Andia-Biraro
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:54
  35. Population-based studies on COVID-19 have important implications for modeling the pandemic and determining vaccination policies. Limited data are available from such surveys in Egypt.

    Authors: Engy Mohamed El-Ghitany, Shehata Farag, Azza Galal Farghaly, Mona H. Hashish, Mahmoud A. Hassaan and Eman A. Omran
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:53

    The Correction to this article has been published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:66

  36. Anthrax is a zoonotic infection caused by the bacteria Bacillus anthracis. Humans acquire cutaneous infection through contact with infected animals or animal products. On May 6, 2018, three cows suddenly died on ...

    Authors: Angella Musewa, Bernadette Basuta Mirembe, Fred Monje, Doreen Birungi, Carol Nanziri, Freda Loy Aceng, Steven N. Kabwama, Benon Kwesiga, Deo Birungi Ndumu, Luke Nyakarahuka, Joshua Buule, Caitlin M. Cossaboom, David Lowe, Cari B. Kolton, Chung K. Marston, Robyn A. Stoddard…
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:52
  37. Sexual and reproductive health challenges among youth in low-income countries have persistently remained a public health challenge. In addition to these challenges, approximately 25% of youth experience a ment...

    Authors: Emily Tumwakire, Scholastic Ashaba, Vincent Mubangizi and Yahaya Gavamukulya
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:51
  38. Awareness about obstetric fistula and its concomitant factors is central to efforts to eliminate obstetric fistula in sub-Saharan Africa. We, therefore, assessed the magnitude of obstetric fistula awareness an...

    Authors: Eugene Budu, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Joshua Okyere, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Richard Gyan Aboagye and Sanni Yaya
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:50
  39. The WHO recommends continuous surveillance of malaria in endemic countries to identify areas and populations most in need for targeted interventions. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of malar...

    Authors: Moussa Lingani, Serge H. Zango, Innocent Valéa, Maïmouna Sanou, Serge Ouoba, Sékou Samadoulougou, Annie Robert, Halidou Tinto, Michèle Dramaix and Philippe Donnen
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:49
  40. The COVID-19 pandemic had a severe impact on delivering essential health services, including HIV service delivery. Among the challenges encountered and addressed by the HIV and AIDS Department of the San Lazar...

    Authors: Rosario Jessica Tactacan-Abrenica, Dennis Gregg Almonte, Kristal An Agrupis, Greco Mark Malijan, Shuichi Suzuki, Ralph dela Cruz, Rich King Valdez, Lalaine Arcangel, Koya Ariyoshi and Chris Smith
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:48
  41. The magnitude of unintended pregnancy is unacceptably high and more than half of it end up with abortions. This may limit lower and middle-income countries to achieve the sustainable development goal targets ...

    Authors: Daniel Gashaneh Belay and Fantu Mamo Aragaw
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:47
  42. Infectious Disease Surveillance (IDS) in the community is essential to prevent, control, and detect outbreaks. A strong surveillance system is a need of time for low to middle-income countries like Pakistan wh...

    Authors: Taha Gul Shaikh, Summaiyya Waseem, Syed Hassan Ahmed, Sarya Swed and Mohammad Mehedi Hasan
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:46
  43. Since 2015, the National Center for Global Health and Medicine in Japan has been conducting a technical assistance project for improving patient safety in Vietnamese hospitals. During the COVID-19 pandemic, th...

    Authors: Jun Moriyama, Tomoo Ito, Masahiko Doi, Kaori Seino, Duong Huy Luong, Azusa Iwamoto and Hitoshi Murakami
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:45
  44. Globally, there were about 50.8 million internally displaced people in 2020, of whom 42% were in sub-Saharan Africa. In areas where there are conflicts, the humanitarian emergency makes infectious disease mana...

    Authors: Gosa Ebrahim Geleto, Tesfu Kassa and Berhanu Erko
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:44
  45. Yaws is a chronic, non-venereal, highly contagious skin and bone infection affecting children living in impoverished, remote communities and caused by Treponema pallidum subspecie pertenue. Social stigma and econ...

    Authors: Belen Lardizabal Dofitas, Sherjan P. Kalim, Camille B. Toledo and Jan Hendrik Richardus
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:43
  46. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a contagious disease that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality especially among maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. COVID-19 vaccination is importa...

    Authors: Samar Tharwat, Marwa K. Khairallah, Mohammed Kamal Nassar, Dalia Kamal Nassar and Eman Nagy
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:42

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