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  1. Pericardial effusion is a late manifestation of HIV more commonly observed in individuals with depressed CD4 counts. Although Mycobacterium tuberculosis remains to be one of the most frequently identified pathoge...

    Authors: Ryan R. Yanes, Greco Mark B. Malijan, Lyka Kymm Escora-Garcia, Stephanie Angel M. Ricafrente, Mary Jane Salazar, Shuichi Suzuki, Chris Smith, Koya Ariyoshi, Rontgene M. Solante, Edna M. Edrada and Kensuke Takahashi
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:72
  2. Methicillin resistance, inducible clindamycin resistance (ICR), biofilm production, and increased minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of vancomycin in Staphylococcus aureus are major causes of antibiotic treat...

    Authors: Sujina Maharjan, Mehraj Ansari, Pawan Maharjan, Kul Raj Rai, K. C. Sabina, Hari Prasad Kattel, Ganesh Rai and Shiba Kumar Rai
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:71
  3. The national malaria control policy in the Central African Republic (CAR) promotes basic, clinical, and operational research on malaria in collaboration with national and international research institutions. P...

    Authors: Romaric Nzoumbou-Boko, Guillaume Velut, Romeo-Karl Imboumy-Limoukou, Alexandre Manirakiza and Jean-Bernard Lekana-Douki
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:70
  4. Influenza viruses are an important cause of respiratory infections across all age groups. Information on occurrence and magnitude of influenza virus infections in different populations in Kenya however remains...

    Authors: Gabriel Miring’u, Betty Muriithi, Hisashi Shoji, Samwel M. L. Symekher, Ernest Apondi Wandera, Claire Majisu, Mitsuo Takei, Koome Mwiraria, Yukie Saito, Satoshi Kaneko and Issei Tokimatsu
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:69
  5. Malnutrition has various adverse effects in children. This study aimed to determine risk factors for malnutrition among hospitalised children, changes in nutritional status at admission and discharge and effec...

    Authors: Aiko Inoue, Bhim Gopal Dhoubhadel, Dhruba Shrestha, Ganendra Bhakta Raya, Yumiko Hayashi, Sudeep Shrestha, Tansy Edwards, Christopher Martin Parry, Koya Ariyoshi and Sharon Elizabeth Cox
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:68
  6. Neisseria meningitidis causes severe life-threatening meningococcal disease with a case fatality rate of 10–15% even with proper treatment. In Ethiopia, particularly in our study area, inadequate information is f...

    Authors: Samuel Assefa, Alemseged Abdissa, Yared Alemu, Lencho Girma and Degemu Sahlu
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:67
  7. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a pandemic disease. There are limited data on predictors of good preventive behaviors among healthcare workers. This study aimed to evaluate if any factors were predictor...

    Authors: Chutatip Limkunakul, Sadiporn Phuthomdee, Palakorn Srinithiwat, Sasinun Chanthanaroj, Watchara Boonsawat and Kittisak Sawanyawisuth
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:65
  8. Monkeypox (MPX) was declared a public health emergency of international concern by the World Health Organization (WHO), as of July 23rd, 2022. Fake news spread on social media has already surfaced and contributed...

    Authors: Ramadan Abdelmoez Farahat, Michael G. Head, Samar Tharwat, Yasmeen Alabdallat, Mohammad Yasir Essar, Basel Abdelazeem and Mounir Ould Setti
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:63
  9. The Punjab health authorities have declared a cholera outbreak with over 2000 acute diarrheal cases being reported in Lahore in April 2022 and 25 laboratory-confirmed cases as of 27 May 2022. Overpopulation, p...

    Authors: Aiman Naveed, Mohammad Umer, Muhammad Ehsan, Muhammad Ayyan, Abia Shahid, Afra Zahid, Mohammad Yasir Essar and Huzaifa Ahmad Cheema
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:62
  10. Polypharmacy has traditionally been defined in various texts as the use of 5 or more chronic drugs, the use of inappropriate drugs, or drugs that are not clinically authorized. The aim of this study was to eva...

    Authors: Hooman Ghasemi, Niloofar Darvishi, Nader Salari, Amin Hosseinian-Far, Hakimeh Akbari and Masoud Mohammadi
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:60
  11. Vaccination can be an essential protective measure against Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) if well received by the public. Various factors affect the acceptance or refusal of vaccines. Several waves of COV...

    Authors: Ahmed Najeeb Albatineh, Pegah Dalvand, Marzieh Aslani, Serdar Saritas, Vajiheh Baghi and Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:59
  12. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) lesions are chronic and result in disfiguring scars. The microbiological aspects of these wounds have not been systematically investigated. We have recently reported that 61.5% of ...

    Authors: T. D. Jayasena Kaluarachchi, Paul M. Campbell, Renu Wickremasinghe, Shalindra Ranasinghe, Surangi Yasewardene, Hiromel De Silva, Andrew J. McBain and Manjula Weerasekera
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:58
  13. Worldwide, come out and dissemination of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) producing Enterobacteriaceae has been warning the efficacy of antibiotics to treat an infection. Hospital wastewaters were a r...

    Authors: Alehegn Amare Kebede, Tesfaye Legesse Bedada, Dejenie Shiferaw Teklu, Degefu Beyene and Kassu Desta Tullu
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:57
  14. Schistosomiasis is a parasitic infectious disease caused by flatworms of the Schistosoma genus. The global burden of schistosomiasis is high. In Malawi, schistosomiasis is among the top 20 causes of outpatient de...

    Authors: Wongani Nyangulu, Christina Sadimba, Joyce Nyirenda, George Twaibu, John Kamwendo, Kelvin Chawawa, Angella Masano, Elizabeth Chilinda, Sekeleghe Kayuni, Adamson S. Muula and Kenneth Maleta
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:56
  15. COVID-19 has spread rapidly across the world, producing significant morbidity and mortality. We investigated the cardiovascular complications and association of laboratory parameters with severity and mortalit...

    Authors: Kanhai Lalani, Sneha Seshadri, Jyothi Samanth, Jaimin Jose Thomas, M. Sudhakar Rao, Nisha Kotian, Jijin Satheesh and Krishnananda Nayak
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:55
  16. The growing burden of diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HTN) on the background of endemic Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) is a concern in low- and middle-income countries. We a...

    Authors: Andrew Kazibwe, Kuteesa Ronald Bisaso, Andrew Peter Kyazze, Sandra Ninsiima, Phillip Ssekamatte, Felix Bongomin, Joseph Baruch Baluku, Davis Kibirige, George Patrick Akabwai, Moses R. Kamya, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Pauline Byakika-Kibwika, Magid Kagimu, Robert Kalyesubula and Irene Andia-Biraro
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:54
  17. Population-based studies on COVID-19 have important implications for modeling the pandemic and determining vaccination policies. Limited data are available from such surveys in Egypt.

    Authors: Engy Mohamed El-Ghitany, Shehata Farag, Azza Galal Farghaly, Mona H. Hashish, Mahmoud A. Hassaan and Eman A. Omran
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:53

    The Correction to this article has been published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:66

  18. Anthrax is a zoonotic infection caused by the bacteria Bacillus anthracis. Humans acquire cutaneous infection through contact with infected animals or animal products. On May 6, 2018, three cows suddenly died on ...

    Authors: Angella Musewa, Bernadette Basuta Mirembe, Fred Monje, Doreen Birungi, Carol Nanziri, Freda Loy Aceng, Steven N. Kabwama, Benon Kwesiga, Deo Birungi Ndumu, Luke Nyakarahuka, Joshua Buule, Caitlin M. Cossaboom, David Lowe, Cari B. Kolton, Chung K. Marston, Robyn A. Stoddard…
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:52
  19. Sexual and reproductive health challenges among youth in low-income countries have persistently remained a public health challenge. In addition to these challenges, approximately 25% of youth experience a ment...

    Authors: Emily Tumwakire, Scholastic Ashaba, Vincent Mubangizi and Yahaya Gavamukulya
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:51
  20. Awareness about obstetric fistula and its concomitant factors is central to efforts to eliminate obstetric fistula in sub-Saharan Africa. We, therefore, assessed the magnitude of obstetric fistula awareness an...

    Authors: Eugene Budu, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Joshua Okyere, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Richard Gyan Aboagye and Sanni Yaya
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:50
  21. The WHO recommends continuous surveillance of malaria in endemic countries to identify areas and populations most in need for targeted interventions. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of malar...

    Authors: Moussa Lingani, Serge H. Zango, Innocent Valéa, Maïmouna Sanou, Serge Ouoba, Sékou Samadoulougou, Annie Robert, Halidou Tinto, Michèle Dramaix and Philippe Donnen
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:49
  22. The COVID-19 pandemic had a severe impact on delivering essential health services, including HIV service delivery. Among the challenges encountered and addressed by the HIV and AIDS Department of the San Lazar...

    Authors: Rosario Jessica Tactacan-Abrenica, Dennis Gregg Almonte, Kristal An Agrupis, Greco Mark Malijan, Shuichi Suzuki, Ralph dela Cruz, Rich King Valdez, Lalaine Arcangel, Koya Ariyoshi and Chris Smith
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:48
  23. The magnitude of unintended pregnancy is unacceptably high and more than half of it end up with abortions. This may limit lower and middle-income countries to achieve the sustainable development goal targets ...

    Authors: Daniel Gashaneh Belay and Fantu Mamo Aragaw
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:47
  24. Infectious Disease Surveillance (IDS) in the community is essential to prevent, control, and detect outbreaks. A strong surveillance system is a need of time for low to middle-income countries like Pakistan wh...

    Authors: Taha Gul Shaikh, Summaiyya Waseem, Syed Hassan Ahmed, Sarya Swed and Mohammad Mehedi Hasan
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:46
  25. Since 2015, the National Center for Global Health and Medicine in Japan has been conducting a technical assistance project for improving patient safety in Vietnamese hospitals. During the COVID-19 pandemic, th...

    Authors: Jun Moriyama, Tomoo Ito, Masahiko Doi, Kaori Seino, Duong Huy Luong, Azusa Iwamoto and Hitoshi Murakami
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:45
  26. Globally, there were about 50.8 million internally displaced people in 2020, of whom 42% were in sub-Saharan Africa. In areas where there are conflicts, the humanitarian emergency makes infectious disease mana...

    Authors: Gosa Ebrahim Geleto, Tesfu Kassa and Berhanu Erko
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:44
  27. Yaws is a chronic, non-venereal, highly contagious skin and bone infection affecting children living in impoverished, remote communities and caused by Treponema pallidum subspecie pertenue. Social stigma and econ...

    Authors: Belen Lardizabal Dofitas, Sherjan P. Kalim, Camille B. Toledo and Jan Hendrik Richardus
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:43
  28. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a contagious disease that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality especially among maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. COVID-19 vaccination is importa...

    Authors: Samar Tharwat, Marwa K. Khairallah, Mohammed Kamal Nassar, Dalia Kamal Nassar and Eman Nagy
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:42
  29. Plasmodium falciparum infections remain among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in holoendemic transmission areas. Located within region 5q31.1, the colony-stimulating factor 2 gene (CSF2) encodes gra...

    Authors: Lily E. Kisia, Qiuying Cheng, Evans Raballah, Elly O. Munde, Benjamin H. McMahon, Nick W. Hengartner, John M. Ong’echa, Kiprotich Chelimo, Christophe G. Lambert, Collins Ouma, Prakasha Kempaiah, Douglas J. Perkins, Kristan A. Schneider and Samuel B. Anyona
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:41
  30. Noma is a bacterial, non-communicable, grossly destructive and disfiguring necrotising oro-facial disease. It is rare, but occurs most commonly in chronically malnourished children with other debilitating illn...

    Authors: Razia Abdool Gafaar Khammissa, Johan Lemmer and Liviu Feller
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:40
  31. The global consumption of herbal medicine is increasing steadily, posing an extinction risk to medicinal plants. Uganda is among the top ten countries with a high threat of herbal medicine extinction, and Trad...

    Authors: Jamilu E. Ssenku, Shaban A. Okurut, Aidah Namuli, Ali Kudamba, Patience Tugume, Paul Matovu, Godfrey Wasige, Hussein M. Kafeero and Abdul Walusansa
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:39
  32. The Nigerian health care system is weak due to lack of coordination, fragmentation of services by donor funding of vertical services, dearth and poor distribution of resources, and inadequate infrastructures. ...

    Authors: Oluwaseun Akinyemi, Adedamola Adebayo, Christopher Bassey, Chioma Nwaiwu, Anna Kalbarczyk, Terna Nomhwange, Olakunle O. Alonge and Eme T. Owoaje
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:38
  33. A safe and effective vaccine is the ultimate key to mitigating the COVID-19 pandemic. Vaccine acceptance is influenced by various factors, including perceptions about the vaccine’s safety and side effects. The...

    Authors: Hisham Ahmed Orebi, Hesham Elsayed Emara, Abdallah Ahmoud Alhindi, Mohamed Reda Shahin, Arwa Hassan Hegazy, Ibrahim Ali Kabbash and Shimaa M. Saied
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:37
  34. To bring out the diagnostic attitude of hearing professionals in Cameroon towards congenital hearing impairment (CHI), assess availability of tests, neonatal screening, and create a national map of availabilit...

    Authors: Emmanuel Choffor-Nchinda, Jean Valentin Fokouo Fogha, Adèle-Rose Ngo Nyeki, Asmaou Bouba Dalil, Roger Christian Meva’a Biouélé and Geschiere Peter Me-Meke
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:36
  35. There were recent reports of a mysterious virus spreading in Pakistan causing dengue-like illness with hundreds of cases admitted to hospitals over the winter. The mysterious virus was touted as a new variant ...

    Authors: Hamid A. Merchant
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:35
  36. Food-borne diseases are a major public health concern worldwide, particularly in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), such as Ethiopia. Poor food hygiene practices primarily exacerbate food-borne illness t...

    Authors: Demisu Zenbaba, Biniyam Sahiledengle, Fikadu Nugusu, Girma Beressa, Fikreab Desta, Daniel Atlaw and Vijay Kumar Chattu
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:34
  37. The slow pace of fertility decline in Africa relative to other parts of the world has important implications for the region’s economic development. Modern contraceptive use is seen as important population cont...

    Authors: Edward Nketiah-Amponsah, Samuel Ampaw and Priscilla Twumasi Baffour
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:33
  38. Human toxocariasis is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by the Toxocara canis and T. cati nematodes larvae. Dog owners are at a higher risk of acquiring T. canis infection, and there is no available evidence re...

    Authors: Prasit Na-Ek, Udomsak Narkkul, Nonthapan Phasuk and Chuchard Punsawad
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:32
  39. Snakebites are a major cause of permanent injury and death among poor, rural populations in developing countries, including those in East Africa. This research characterizes snakebite incidence, risk factors, ...

    Authors: Peter S. Larson, Morris Ndemwa, Aleksandra F. Thomas, Noriko Tamari, Paul Diela, Mwatasa Changoma, Abdullatif Mohamed, Miles C. Larson, Kaan Cem Ketenci, Kensuke Goto and Satoshi Kaneko
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:31
  40. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID 19) pandemic continues to pose a threat to global health. The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant (B.1.1.529) has spread rapidly wor...

    Authors: Mya Myat Ngwe Tun, Takaya Sakura, Yasuteru Sakurai, Yohei Kurosaki, Daniel Ken Inaoka, Norifumi Shioda, Chris Smith, Jiro Yasuda, Kouichi Morita and Kiyoshi Kita
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:30
  41. Provider-initiated HIV testing, and counseling (PITC) is a service in which health professionals provide HIV testing to all patients in health facilities. Provider-initiated HIV testing, and counseling is an i...

    Authors: Daniel Atlaw, Biniyam Sahiledengle, Sisay Degno, Ayele Mamo, Zewudie Gudisa, Demisu Zenbaba, Zerihun Shiferaw and Habtamu Gezahegn
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:29
  42. Open defecation facilitates the transmission of pathogens that cause diarrheal diseases, which is the second leading contributor to the global burden of disease. It also exposed hundreds of millions of girls a...

    Authors: Daniel Gashaneh Belay, Melaku Hunie Asratie, Fantu Mamo Aragaw, Nuhamin Tesfa Tsega, Mastewal Endalew and Moges Gashaw
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:28
  43. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected all healthcare systems worldwide. Effective COVID-19 preventive measures, including wearing a mask, hand washing, avoiding the “Three Cs”, and city...

    Authors: Rapeepun Prasertbun, Hirotake Mori, Aongart Mahittikorn, Sukhontha Siri and Toshio Naito
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:27
  44. A computer is one of the most widely used office tools. The leading occupational health problem of the twenty-first century is computer vision syndrome (CVS). Research findings across Ethiopia on the magnitude...

    Authors: Fentahun Adane, Yoseph Merkeb Alamneh and Melaku Desta
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:26
  45. Human mobility, particularly during certain festivals in rapidly growing megacities in low- and middle-income countries, has critical implications in infectious diseases surveillance and preparedness. In this ...

    Authors: Mohammad Sorowar Hossain
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:25
  46. Little is known about parental coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine hesitancy in children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD). This survey estimated the prevalence and predictive factors of vaccine ...

    Authors: Mohammad Ali, Tasnuva Shamarukh Proma, Zarin Tasnim, Md. Ariful Islam, Tania Akter Urmi, Sohel Ahmed, Abu-sufian Sarkar, Atia Sharmin Bonna and Umme Salma Khan
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:24
  47. In Myanmar, third wave of COVID-19 epidemic began with a surge of confirmed cases in the last week of May 2021. The laboratory-confirmed cases and deaths distinctly increased within 9 weeks. The government and...

    Authors: Ye Minn Htun, Tun Tun Win, Nyan Htet Shan, Zin Thu Winn, Kaung Si Thu, Nyan Lin Maung, Pyae Phyo Aung, Htun Aung Kyaw, Hpone Pji Kyaw, Yan Naing Myint Soe, Myint Myat Ko, Zin Ko Aung, Kyaw Thiha Aung, Yan Paing Chit Lwin, Wai Yan, Phyo Tayza Soe…
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2022 50:23

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