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  1. Parvovirus B19 is the causative agent for erythema infectiosum, and also as a potentially life-threatening infectious agent, it is mainly presented in high erythrocyte turnover patients. Sickle cell disease (S...

    Authors: Saber Soltani, Armin Zakeri, Alireza Tabibzadeh, Milad Zandi, Elham Ershadi, Sara Akhavan Rezayat, Sanaz Khaseb, Amir mohammad Zakeri, Mohammadvala Ashtar Nakhaei, Shervin Afzali and Abbas Farahani
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:96
  2. Globally, acute respiratory infections are among the leading causes of under-five child mortality, especially in lower-income countries; it is associated with indoor exposure to toxic pollutants from solid bio...

    Authors: Abraham Geremew, Selamawit Gebremedhin, Yohannes Mulugeta and Tesfaye Assebe Yadeta
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:95
  3. HIV and malaria are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the developing world including Ethiopia. Globally, HIV-malaria co-infection causes approximately 3 million deaths per year. However, both th...

    Authors: Tenaw Yibeltal, Dereje Birhanu Abitew, Amsalu Birara Melese and Yared Mulu
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:94
  4. High-risk fertility behavior is associated with numerous unfavorable child and maternal health outcomes such as chronic undernutrition, anemia, and child mortality. As far as our knowledge goes, there is not m...

    Authors: Zemenu Tadesse Tessema and Koku Sisay Tamirat
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:93
  5. Although the “stay-at-home” order is advocated against the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the lives of individuals lacking adequate housing are threatened. We developed a framework to assess various popu...

    Authors: Masami Fujita, Sadatoshi Matsuoka, Hiroyuki Kiyohara, Yousuke Kumakura, Yuko Takeda, Norimichi Goishi, Masayoshi Tarui, Masaki Inaba, Mari Nagai, Masahiko Hachiya and Noriko Fujita
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:92
  6. COVID-19 is an emerging disease caused by highly contagious virus called SARS-CoV-2. It caused an extensive health and economic burden around the globe. There is no proven effective treatment yet, except certa...

    Authors: Tadele Girum, Kifle Lentiro, Mulugeta Geremew, Biru Migora and Sisay Shewamare
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:91
  7. Transmission of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infection remains high in Ethiopia. This study aimed at assessing the therapeutic efficacy of mebendazole against soil-transmitted helminths and determining the ...

    Authors: Ayalew Jejaw Zeleke, Abebe Genetu Bayih, Solomon Afework and John S. Gilleard
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:90
  8. Neonatal hypoglycemia is the most common endocrine abnormality in children, which is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The burden and risk factors of neonatal hypoglycemia in rural communities...

    Authors: David Mukunya, Beatrice Odongkara, Thereza Piloya, Victoria Nankabirwa, Vincentina Achora, Charles Batte, James Ditai, Thorkild Tylleskar, Grace Ndeezi, Sarah Kiguli and James K. Tumwine
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:89
  9. Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a major public health problem in the Pacific Region, including in Fiji. Through transmission by the mosquito vector Aedes, Fiji has suffered the burden of remaining endemic with LF de...

    Authors: Rosie K. Manolas, Mike Kama, Merelesita Rainima-Qaniuci, Vinaisi D. Bechu, Samuela Tuibeqa, Mareta V. Winston, Nomeeta Ram, Flora Naqio, Kazuyo Ichimori, Corinne Capuano, Masayo Ozaki, Sung Hye Kim, Padmasiri Aratchige, Aalisha Sahukhan and Patricia M. Graves
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:88
  10. Monitoring both invasion of Zika virus disease into free countries and circulation in endemic countries is essential to avoid a global pandemic. However, the difficulty lies in detecting Zika virus due to the ...

    Authors: Hiroka Aonuma, Itoe Iizuka-Shiota, Tokio Hoshina, Shigeru Tajima, Fumihiro Kato, Seiji Hori, Masayuki Saijo and Hirotaka Kanuka
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:87
  11. Brucellosis is the most significant and common bacterial zoonosis and is recognized as a re-emerging and neglected disease. Tackling zoonosis is very important for the health and the economy. One Health is an ...

    Authors: Mahboubeh Khaton Ghanbari, Hasan Abolghasem Gorji, Masoud Behzadifar, Nadia Sanee, Nafiul Mehedi and Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:86
  12. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is one of the most important global health problems. More than one and half million of children are living with HIV in the world, and majority of them are found in sub-Sahara...

    Authors: Amare Belachew, Tilahun Tewabe and Gizat Abinet Malede
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:85
  13. Infections due to extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) are increasing worldwide. Evidence indicates that fecal carriage of ESBL-E in pregnancy predisposes women to potential life...

    Authors: Ambele M. Mwandigha, Doreen Kamori, Upendo O. Kibwana, Salim Masoud, Joel Manyahi and Mtebe Majigo
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:84
  14. Enterobius vermicularis infection is an important public health problem worldwide, especially among schoolchildren in tropical and subtropical countries. The prevalence of E. vermicularis infections varies in eac...

    Authors: Pokkamol Laoraksawong, Pimyada Pansuwan, Supakrit Krongchon, Pongphan Pongpanitanont and Penchom Janwan
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:83
  15. Esophageal candidiasis (OC) is a common AIDS-defining opportunistic infection. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces the occurrence of OC and other opportunistic infections among persons living with HIV (PLHIV)...

    Authors: Ronald Olum, Joseph Baruch Baluku, Ronald Okidi, Irene Andia-Biraro and Felix Bongomin
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:82
  16. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Bhim Gopal Dhoubhadel, Ganendra Bhakta Raya, Dhruba Shrestha, Raj Kumar Shrestha, Yogendra Dhungel, Motoi Suzuki, Michio Yasunami, Chris Smith, Koya Ariyoshi and Christopher M. Parry
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:81

    The original article was published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:53

  17. Even though there are advancements in HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment approach, HIV continues to be a global challenge. Pediatrics HIV is one of the challenges in the reduction of child mortality particularl...

    Authors: Chalachew Adugna Wubneh and Getaneh Mulualem Belay
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:80
  18. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of entry screening measures applied at airports in response to the COVID-19 epidemic worldwide. Between 24 January and 17 February 2020, 5.2% (95% CI 3.1–8....

    Authors: Varvara A. Mouchtouri, Zacharoula Bogogiannidou, Martin Dirksen-Fischer, Sotirios Tsiodras and Christos Hadjichristodoulou
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:79
  19. Despite the rapid expansion of antiretroviral therapy services, ‘loss to follow-up’ is a significant public health concern globally. Loss to follow-up of individuals from ART has a countless negative impact on...

    Authors: Molla Yigzaw Birhanu, Cheru Tesema Leshargie, Animut Alebel, Fasil Wagnew, Melkamu Siferih, Tsige Gebre and Getiye Dejenu Kibret
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:78
  20. Different primary studies in Ethiopia showed the burden of nosocomial infection across geographical setting and variant period. However, the national level of burden and types of healthcare-associated infectio...

    Authors: Abebaw Yeshambel Alemu, Aklilu Endalamaw and Wubet Alebachew Bayih
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:77
  21. Despite improvements in access to antiretroviral therapy (ART), mortality in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) is still high and primarily attributed to tuberculosis (TB) infection. In Su...

    Authors: M. Majigo, G. Somi, A. Joachim, J. Manyahi, J. Nondi, V. Sambu, A. Rwebembera, N. Makyao, A. Ramadhani, W. Maokola, J. Todd and M. I. Matee
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:76
  22. Microsporidiosis is an emerging zoonotic disease that is considered a global public health concern. Dogs are suggested as one of potential reservoirs for transmitting the microsporidia infection to humans. How...

    Authors: Ali Taghipour, Saeed Bahadory and Sasan Khazaei
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:75
  23. In most health areas, an information system is necessary for an effective fight against COVID-19. Current methods for surveillance of diseases with epidemic potential do not include monitoring the adherence to...

    Authors: Patient Mijiriro Wimba, Jacques-Aimé Bazeboso, Philippe Bianga Katchunga, Léon Tshilolo, Benjamin Longo-Mbenza, Muriel Rabilloud, Philippe Vanhems, Jean Iwaz, Jean-François Étard and René Écochard
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:74
  24. Intestinal parasitosis, caused by both helminths and protozoans, are among the most prevalent infections, especially in developing countries. Enteric parasites continue to be a major cause of parasitic disease...

    Authors: Ranjit Gupta, Binod Rayamajhee, Samendra P. Sherchan, Ganesh Rai, Reena Kiran Mukhiya, Binod Khanal and Shiba Kumar Rai
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:73
  25. Healthcare workers (HWs) are at the highest risk of getting CIVID-19. This study aimed to assess factors determining the knowledge and prevention of HWs towards COVID-19 in the Amhara Region, Ethiopia.

    Authors: Mulusew Andualem Asemahagn
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:72
  26. Malaria in pregnancy (‘MiP’) poses risks to mother, foetus and newborn. Studies from Africa and Asia have reported high prevalence of ‘MiP’ and recommended further research to address ‘MiP’. India has a signif...

    Authors: Samir Garg, Mukesh Dewangan and Omprakash Barman
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:71
  27. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is a global pandemic that affects individuals from all walks of life. Considering that the virus can be pas...

    Authors: Karpal Singh Sohal, Elison N. M. Simon, Boniphace Kalyanyama and Jeremiah Robert Moshy
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:70
  28. Many studies on the treatment of tuberculosis (TB) using herbal medicines have been undertaken in recent decades in East Africa. The details, however, are highly fragmented. The purpose of this study was to pr...

    Authors: Samuel Baker Obakiro, Ambrose Kiprop, Isaac Kowino, Elizabeth Kigondu, Mark Peter Odero, Timothy Omara and Lydia Bunalema
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:68
  29. Irrespective of how the COVID-19 pandemic evolves over time across the globe, our past experiences with comparable zoonotic diseases demonstrate the significance of having resilient primary healthcare systems ...

    Authors: Arvind Vashishta Rinkoo, Dinesh Songara, Arnika Sharma, Biswa Ranjan Patnaik, Rajesh Ranjan Singh and Rakesh Kumar Srivastava
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:67
  30. Diarrheal diseases remain a leading cause of preventable death among children under-five in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In Ethiopia, diarrhea is the major contributor to deaths for children under...

    Authors: Ephrem Tefera Solomon, Sirak Robele Gari, Helmut Kloos and Bezatu Mengistie
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:66
  31. The emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing uropathogens has complicated the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTI). Paediatric UTI is a common illness...

    Authors: Ganendra Bhakta Raya, Bhim Gopal Dhoubhadel, Dhruba Shrestha, Sunayana Raya, Ujjwal Laghu, Ashok Shah, Bijendra Bhakta Raya, Rita Kafle, Christopher M. Parry and Koya Ariyoshi
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:65
  32. Childhood diarrheal illness is the second leading cause of child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa, including Ethiopia. Epidemiology of diarrhea has long-term implications with respect to medical, social, and ec...

    Authors: Asmamaw Atnafu, Malede Mequanent Sisay, Getu Debalkie Demissie and Zemenu Tadesse Tessema
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:64
  33. Self-isolation is an important personal protective measure in inhibiting the transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as people carry out economic and social activities amid its spread. Yet few stud...

    Authors: Masaki Machida, Itaru Nakamura, Reiko Saito, Tomoki Nakaya, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Tomoko Takamiya, Yuko Odagiri, Noritoshi Fukushima, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Shiho Amagasa, Takako Kojima, Hidehiro Watanabe and Shigeru Inoue
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:63
  34. Tsetse flies are the cyclical vectors of both human and animal diseases. Kenya’s commitment to eradicate tsetse and trypanosomiasis dates to the 1980s through various control approaches which were spearheaded ...

    Authors: Ferdinard Adungo, Tom Mokaya, Olipher Makwaga and Matilu Mwau
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:62
  35. Malaria has a negative impact on the activities of companies in endemic countries especially in Cameroon. In this regard, an increasingly growing number of companies have started to include management of malar...

    Authors: Christian Mbohou Nchetnkou, Hervé Nyabeyeu Nyabeyeu, Loick P. Kojom Foko and Leopold G. Lehman
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:61
  36. Rattus norvegicus are reservoirs for transmission of various zoonotic parasites, and they have become a threat to public health worldwide. Given the large number and the significant presence of R. norvegicus thro...

    Authors: Taher Azimi, Mohammad Reza Pourmand, Fatemeh Fallah, Abdollah Karimi, Roxana Mansour-Ghanaie, Seyedeh Mahsan Hoseini-Alfatemi, Mehdi Shirdoust and Leila Azimi
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:60
  37. Dengue is a common mosquito-borne infection in tropical countries. Dengue incidence in Sri Lanka is generally showing a rising trend. Both chronic immune thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP) children and chronic ITP...

    Authors: V. Thadchanamoorthy and Kavinda Dayasiri
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:59
  38. India is endemic for enteric fever, and it is not known whether the variations in clinical manifestations between patients are due to host, environmental or pathogen factors.

    Authors: Carl D. Britto, Sitarah Mathias, Ashish Bosco, Zoe A. Dyson, Gordon Dougan, Savitha Raveendran, V. L. Abin, Sanju Jose, Savitha Nagaraj, Kathryn E. Holt and Andrew J. Pollard
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:58
  39. The cesarean section rate in Vietnam has been increasing especially in urban area. However, limited evidence identified regarding socio-demographic factors of the cesarean section birth. The objective of this ...

    Authors: Mizuki Takegata, Carine Ronsmans, Hien Anh T. Nguyen, Noriko Kitamura, Chihiro Iwasaki, Michiko Toizumi, Hiroyuki Moriuchi, Duc Anh Dang and Lay-Myint Yoshida
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:57
  40. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Eumelia P. Salva, Jose Benito Villarama, Edmundo B. Lopez, Ana Ria Sayo, Annavi Marie G. Villanueva, Tansy Edwards, Su Myat Han, Shuichi Suzuki, Xerxes Seposo, Koya Ariyoshi and Chris Smith
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:56

    The original article was published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:51

  41. In sub-Saharan Africa, renal abnormalities are a major public health concern, especially in children living in Schistosoma haematobium endemic areas. However, there is a dearth of data on renal abnormalities amon...

    Authors: Neema M. Kayange, Nicholaus Mazuguni, Adolfine Hokororo, Charles Muiruri, Karl Reis, Benson R. Kidenya and Humphrey D. Mazigo
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:55
  42. Refillable water containers are commonly used in rural areas of Lao PDR, and they act as Aedes mosquito breeding sites. Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus mosquitos are transmission vectors for the dengue virus, wh...

    Authors: Pheophet Lamaningao, Seiji Kanda, Takaki Shimono, Somchit Inthavongsack, Thonelakhanh Xaypangna and Toshimasa Nishiyama
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:54
  43. The nutritional status of children may deteriorate after natural disasters such as earthquakes. A 7.8 Richter scale earthquake struck Nepal in 2015 that affected 1.1 million children. Children whose homes were...

    Authors: Bhim Gopal Dhoubhadel, Ganendra Bhakta Raya, Dhruba Shrestha, Raj Kumar Shrestha, Yogendra Dhungel, Motoi Suzuki, Michio Yasunami, Chris Smith, Koya Ariyoshi and Christopher M. Parry
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:53

    The Correction to this article has been published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:81

  44. A previously healthy Japanese man in his fifties was admitted to our hospital because of a recurrent fever after returning from Kenya and Madagascar. He was ambulant with a body temperature of 36.6 °C. His phy...

    Authors: Takashi Sugimoto, Kensuke Takahashi, Kosuke Matsui, Masahito Asada, Osamu Kaneko and Koya Ariyoshi
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:52
  45. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread to almost every region and country in the world, leading to widespread travel restrictions and national lockdowns. Currently, there are limited epidemiological an...

    Authors: Eumelia P. Salva, Jose Benito Villarama, Edmundo B. Lopez, Ana Ria Sayo, Annavi Marie G. Villanueva, Tansy Edwards, Su Myat Han, Shuichi Suzuki, Xerxes Seposo, Koya Ariyoshi and Chris Smith
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:51

    The Correction to this article has been published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2021 49:85

    The Correction to this article has been published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:56

  46. Dengue, a mosquito-borne viral infectious disease, causes a high morbidity and mortality in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. In Nepal, the first case of dengue was reported in 2004 followed by freq...

    Authors: Sujan Khadka, Ram Proshad, Alina Thapa, Krishna Prasad Acharya and Tapos Kormoker
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:50
  47. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is considered as a neglected disease with significant mortality and morbidity in most of the developing countries. The current study aimed to retrospectively assess the demographic a...

    Authors: Reza Shahriarirad, Amirhossein Erfani, Mehrdad Eskandarisani, Mohammad Rastegarian, Hajar Taghizadeh and Bahador Sarkari
    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:49

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