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Table 3 Treatment-seeking patterns and clinical manifestations overall and by region

From: Snakebite victim profiles and treatment-seeking behaviors in two regions of Kenya: results from a health demographic surveillance system

  [ALL] Kwale Mbita p
N = 396 N = 315 N = 81
Treated at formal facility 201 (50.8%) 158 (50.2%) 43 (53.1%) 0.730
Treated by traditional healer 213 (53.8%) 159 (50.5%) 54 (66.7%) 0.013
Formal treatment only 127 (32.1%) 109 (34.6%) 18 (22.2%) 0.046
Traditional healer only 139 (35.1%) 110 (34.9%) 29 (35.8%) 0.986
Both formal and traditional 74 (18.7%) 49 (15.6%) 25 (30.9%) 0.003
Did not seek treatment 56 (14.1%) 47 (14.9%) 9 (11.1%) 0.485
Length of time until formal treatment
      Same day 155 (77.5%) 127 (80.4%) 28 (66.7%) 0.035
      Following day 35 (17.5%) 22 (13.9%) 13 (31.0%)
      2–3 days after the bite 7 (3.50%) 7 (4.43%) 0 (0.00%)
      Within a week later 3 (1.50%) 2 (1.27%) 1 (2.38%)
Clinical manifestations
 Vomiting 70 (17.8%) 39 (12.4%) 31 (39.2%) < 0.001
 Loss of consciousness 43 (10.9%) 22 (7.01%) 21 (26.6%) < 0.001
 Paralysis 2 (0.51%) 1 (0.32%) 1 (1.23%) 0.368
 Scarring 52 (13.2%) 33 (10.5%) 19 (24.1%) 0.003
 Permanent physical debilitation 42 (11.0%) 14 (4.59%) 28 (35.9%) < 0.001
 Died 16 (4.04%) 11 (3.49%) 5 (6.17%) 0.338
  1. p-values are from Chi-square tests for Independence between region and categorical variables