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Table 1 Detailed characteristics of the included studies in the present systematic review and meta-analysis (2016–2020)

From: Prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis in women: a systematic review and meta-analysis of recently published literature (2016–2020)

No. References Country Province/city Time of data collection Sample type Method Sample size Positive no Quality assessment score
1 Awosolu, 2020 [56] Nigeria Osun and Kwara 2012 Urine Filtrations and microscopic examination 258 122 5
2 Olayinka, 2020 [112] Nigeria Ogun 2015–2017 Urine Microscopic examination 280 42 6
3 Awosolu, 2019 [55] Nigeria Ikota 2015 Urine Microscopic examination 74 20 7
4 Otuneme, 2019 [118] Nigeria Ogun 2017 Urine Microscopic examination 47 39 5
5 Muhammad, 2019 [101] Nigeria Sokoto NR Urine Microscopic examination 107 47 5
6 Sule, 2019 [129] Nigeria Kano NR Urine Microscopic examination 56 0 6
7 Idris, 2019 [87] Nigeria New-Bussa NR Urine Microscopic examination 24 2 7
8 Geraji, 2019 [81] Nigeria Jalingo 2019 Urine Microscopic examination 86 13 7
9 Adamu, 2019 [36] Nigeria Kaduna 2017 Urine Microscopic examination 136 4 7
10 Ngwamah, 2019 [105] Nigeria Adamawa NR Urine Microscopic examination 679 141 7
11 Aribodor, 2019 [51] Nigeria Enugu 2016 Urine Microscopic examination 121 17 7
12 Sobande, 2019 [128] Nigeria Ogun NR Urine Microscopic examination 84 40 6
13 Obisike, 2019 [110] Nigeria Benue 2017 Urine Membrane filtration and (sedimentation) microscopic examination 84 20 5
14 Ahmed, 2019 [40] Nigeria Katsina NR Urine (sedimentation) Microscopic examination 68 15 6
15 Aderibigbe, 2019 [37] Nigeria Kwara NR Urine Microscopic examination 883 293 7
16 Noriode, 2018 [106] Nigeria Edo NR Urine Microscopic examination 109 75 5
17 Bishop, 2016 [164] Nigeria Kaduna NR Urine Microscopic examination 92 5 6
18 Mohammed, 2018 [95] Nigeria Sokoto 2016 Urine Microscopic examination 51 18 5
19 Akinneye, 2018 [43] Nigeria Ondo NR Urine Microscopic examination 202 22 5
20 Alabi, 2018 [46] Nigeria Ogun NR Urine Microscopic examination 73 36 6
21 Damen, 2018 [68] Nigeria Plateau NR Urine Microscopic examination 7 1 6
22 Yauba, 2018 [138] Nigeria Maiduguri 2014–2015 Urine Microscopic examination 180 113 7
23 Abdulkareem, 2018 [34] Nigeria Kwara NR Urine Microscopic examination 309 131 7
24 Oladeinde, 2018 [111] Nigeria Edo 2014 Urine Microscopic examination 98 8 6
25 Ebong, 2018 [70] Nigeria Akwa Ibom NR Urine Microscopic examination 199 5 7
26 Akeju Adebayo, 2018 [42] Nigeria Ondo NR Urine Microscopic examination 1022 441 5
27 Oluwole, 2018 [114] Nigeria Ogun 2013 Urine Microscopic examination 1034 43 6
28 Adewale, 2018 [38] Nigeria Ondo NR Urine Microscopic examination 190 44 6
29 Nwachukwu, 2018 [107] Nigeria Imo 2014–2016 Urine Test strip and filtration 1125 57 7
30 Nwachukwu, 2018 [108] Nigeria Ebonyi 2016–2017 Urine Microscopic examination 254 8 7
31 Duwa, 2018 [69] Nigeria Kano 2018 Urine Microscopic examination 105 8 5
32 Babagana, 2018 [57] Nigeria Borno NR Urine Microscopic examination 180 31 7
33 Mohammed, 2018 [94] Nigeria Kebbi 2016 Urine (Filtration) Microscopic examination 81 16 5
34 Oluwole, 2018 [114] Nigeria Ogun NR Urine and vainal lavage Microscopic and gynecologic examination 317 149 6
35 Kenneth, 2017 [92] Nigeria Edo NR Urine Microscopic examination 76 6 7
36 Birma, 2017 [61] Nigeria Adamawa NR Urine Microscopic examination 90 42 5
37 Amoo, 2017 [47] Nigeria Ogun NR Urine Microscopic examination 160 61 6
38 Paul, 2017 [119] Nigeria Cross River NR Urine Microscopic examination 140 24 5
39 Orpin, 2017 [116] Nigeria Katsina NR Urine Microscopic examination 145 12 5
40 Ekanem, 2017 [71] Nigeria South-South 2011 Urine Microscopic examination 177 27 6
41 Akpan, 2017 [45] Nigeria Cross River NR Urine Microscopic examination 208 34 7
42 Elom, 2017 [73] Nigeria Ebonyi NR Urine Microscopic examination 147 33 7
43 Akpan, 2017 [44] Nigeria Cross River NR Urine Microscopic examination 122 1 7
44 Abubakar, 2017 [35] Nigeria Jigawa 2015 Urine Microscopic examination 65 46 7
45 Dalhat, 2017 [67] Nigeria Sokoto NR Urine Microscopic examination 140 41 7
46 Emmanuel, 2017 [75] Nigeria Benue 2014 Urine Microscopic examination 207 77 6
47 Wokem, 2017 [135] Nigeria Abia NR Urine Microscopic examination 570 215 7
48 Anorue, 2017 [49] Nigeria Ebonyi 2002–2003 Urine Microscopic examination 1367 640 6
49 Orpin, 2016 [117] Nigeria Benue NR Urine Microscopic examination 104 8 7
50 Onile, 2016 [115] Nigeria Eggua 2012–2013 Urine Microscopic examination 178 45 7
51 Houmsou, 2016 [86] Nigeria Taraba NR Urine Microscopic examination 529 231 5
52 Goodhead, 2016 [83] Nigeria River NR Urine Microscopic examination 76 17 7
53 Usman, 2016 [133] Nigeria Bauchi NR Urine Microscopic examination 300 58 7
54 Dahesh, 2016 [66] Nigeria Giza 2016 Urine Microscopic examination 582 12 7
55 Igbeneghu, 2016 [88] Nigeria Osun 2016 Urine Microscopic examination 154 60 7
56 Nafiu, 2016 [104] Nigeria Niger 2016 Urine Microscopic examination 97 9 6
57 Abah, 2016 [33] Nigeria River 2016 Urine Microscopic examination 184 23 5
58 Umar, 2016 [132] Nigeria Kano NR Urine Microscopic examination 20 9 5
59 Atalabi, 2016 [52] Nigeria Katsina NR Urine Microscopic examination 240 14 6
60 Houmsou, 2016 [86] Nigeria Taraba NR Urine Microscopic examination 510 3 7
61 Nwibari, 2016 [165] Nigeria Plateau NR Urine Microscopic examination 134 6 5
62 Omoruyi, 2016 [166] Nigeria Edo NR Urine Microscopic examination 77 4 6
63 Morenikeji, 2016 [99] Nigeria Ogun NR Urine Microscopic examination 79 60 6
64 Bashir, 2016 [60] Nigeria Jigawa NR Urine Microscopic examination 31 2 7
65 Ganau, 2016 [79] Nigeria Sokoto NR Urine Microscopic examination 58 24 5
66 Musa, 2016 [102] Nigeria Kaduna NR Urine Microscopic examination 131 13 6
67 Ajakaye, 2016 [41] Nigeria Ondo NR Urine Microscopic examination 404 50 7
68 Mong, 2016 [98] Nigeria Abia NR Urine Microscopic examination 129 13 7
69 Atalabi, 2016 [53] Nigeria Katsina 2015 Urine Microscopic examination 317 23 6
70 Oluwatoyin, 2016 [113]* Nigeria Ibadan NR Urine Microscopic examination 507 1 7
71 Oluwatoyin, 2016 [113] Nigeria Ibadan NR Urine Microscopic examination 507 28 6
72 Bishop, 2016 [63] Nigeria Kaduna NR Urine Microscopic examination 251 39 5
73 Maki, 2020 [93] Sudan Darfur 2018 Urine Microscopic examination 55 39 6
74 Qutoof, 2019 [122] Sudan Khartoum NR Urine Microscopic examination 589 2 5
75 Elsiddig, 2019 [74] Sudan White Nile 2011 Urine Microscopic examination 162 67 6
76 Hajissa, 2018 [85] Sudan Khartoum 2017–2018 Urine Microscopic examination 95 11 6
77 Mohammed, 2018 [96] Sudan White Nile NR Urine Microscopic examination 175 97 7
78 Talab, 2018 [167] Sudan White Nile 2014 Urine (Filtration) Microscopic examination 174 97 5
79 Sulieman, 2017 [130] Sudan River Nile 2016 Urine (Sedimentation) Microscopic examination 191 1 6
80 Sabah Alzain Mohamed, 2017 [124] Sudan El khiar 2016 Urine Microscopic examination 76 7 5
81 Afifi, 2016 [39] Sudan Kassala 2013 Urine Microscopic examination 1238 172 6
82 Elhusein, 2016 [72] Sudan Gezira 2016 Urine Microscopic examination 29 0 7
83 Shukla, 2019 [126] South Africa KwaZulu-Natal 2011–2013 Urine and cervico-vaginal lavage Microscopic examination 933 256 5
84 Galappaththi-Arachchige, 2018 [78] South Africa KwaZulu-Natal NR Urine Microscopic examination 1123 292 5
85 Kabuyaya, 2017 [89] South Africa uMkhanyakude 2015 Urine Microscopic examination 199 73 7
86 Galappaththi-Arachchige, 2016[168] south Africa KwaZulu-Natal NR Urine Microscopic examination 883 270 6
87 Pillay, 2016 [169] South Africa KwaZulu-Natal 2010–2012 vaginal lavages and Urine PCR 394 38 7
88 South Africa KwaZulu-Natal 2010–2012 Urine PCR 394 91 7
89 South Africa KwaZulu-Natal 2010–2012 Urine Microscopic examination 394 78 7
90 Fokuo, 2020 [76] Ghana Asutsuare 2014 Urine Microscopic examination 59 8 6
91 Arhin-Wiredu, 2019 [50] Ghana Akyemansa 2014 Urine Microscopic examination 161 10 6
92 Nyarko, 2018 [109] Ghana different municipal-ities 2016 Urine Microscopic examination 173 7 6
93 Boye, 2016 [65] Ghana Apewosika and Putubiw 2013 Urine Microscopic examination 114 16 5
94 Wilkinson, 2018 [134] Malawi Lilongwe 2013 Urine Microscopic examination 96 2 6
95 Kayuni, 2017 [91] Malawi Mangochi 2012 Urine Microscopic examination 226 29 6
96 Moyo, 2016 [100] Malawi Nkhotakota NR Urine Microscopic examination 51 6 6
97 Yameny, 2018 [137] Egypt El-Fayoum NR Urine Microscopic examination 487 33 7
98 Ghieth, 2017 [82] Egypt Beni Suef NR Urine Microscopic examination 220 0 5
99 Kaiglova, 2020 [90] Kenya Kwale 2018 Urine Microscopic examination 323 47 5
100 Mutsaka-Makuvaza, 2019 [103] Zimbabwe Mashonaland 2010 Urine Microscopic examination 569 96 6
101 Woldegerima, 2019 [136] Ethiopia Sanja 2017–2018 Urine Microscopic examination 189 53 7
102 Phillips, 2018 [120] Mozambique Cabo Delgado 2011 Urine Microscopic examination 7538 4372 7
103 Gbalegba, 2017 [80] Mauritania Kaedi 2014–2015 Urine Microscopic examination 1064 54 6
104 Simoonga, 2017 [127] Zambia Lusaka NR Urine Microscopic examination 954 83 7
105 Balahbib, 2017 [58] Morocco Tata 2015 Urine Microscopic examination 13 0 6
106 Anchang-Kimbi, 2017 [48] Cameroon Mount Cameroon 2014 Urine Microscopic examination 250 117 7
107 Mombo-Ngoma, 2017 [97] Gabon Lambarene 2009–2013 Urine Microscopic examination 1115 103 7
108 Greter, 2016 [84] Chad Chad NR Urine (Filtration) Microscopic examination 96 1 7
109 Botelho, 2016 [64] Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau NR Urine Microscopic examination 43 8 6
111 Senghor, 2016 [125] Senegal Niakhar 2011–2014 Urine Microscopic examination 320 149 5
111 Rasomanamihaja, 2016 [123] Madagascar Madagascar 2015 Urine Microscopic examination 1043 325 5
112 Bangura, 2016 [59] Sierra Leon Korwama and Lewabu 2015 Urine Microscopic examination 86 32 7
113 Zida, 2016 [139] Burkina Faso Bazega 2013 Urine Microscopic examination 151 7 7
  1. *In this dataset, S. mansoni was found in urine instead of S. haematobium