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Table 4 Availability, demand and prices of frequently traded diarrhea and cough herbals in Kampala (N = 65)

From: Herbal medicine used for the treatment of diarrhea and cough in Kampala city, Uganda

Species name Disease treated Availability in HM selling premises during survey Demand Availability in natural habitats Average price, UGX (USD)/kga
Citrus limon Cough Available (n = 28, 43.1%)
Out of stock (n = 37, 56.9%)
H (n = 65, 100%) Declining (n = 16, 24.6%)
Rare (n = 49, 75.4%)
16,000 (4.38)
Momordica foetida Cough, Diarrhea Available (n = 50, 76.9%)
Out of stock (n = 9, 14.1%)
H (n = 59, 91%) Rare (n = 59, 91.0%) 11,000 (3.01)
Callistemon citrinus Cough Available (n = 47, 72.3%)
Out of stock (n = 10, 15.7%)
H (n = 57, 88%) Declining (n = 52, 80%)
Rare (n = 5, 0.08%)
10,000 (2.74)
Entada abyssinica Cough, Diarrhea Available (n = 30, 46.2%)
Out of stock (n = 10, 15.7%)
M (n = 58, 89.2%)
R (n = 5, 0.77)
Declining (n = 3, 4.6%)
Rare (n = 60, 92.3%)
7000 (1.92)
Cymbopogon flexuosus Diarrhea Available (n = 18, 27.7%)
Out of stock (n = 37, 56.3%)
M (n = 11, 16.9%)
L (n = 44, 67.7%)
Declining (n = 55, 84%) 9500 (2.60)
Conyza pyrrhopappa Diarrhea Available (n = 7, 20.5%)
Out of stock (n = 46, 61.5.3%)
M (n = 5, 0.37%)
L (n = 48, 78.3%)
Rare (n = 53, 82%) 6000 (1.64)
Azadirachta indica Cough Available (n = 16, 24.7%)
Out of stock (n = 34, 52.3%)
H (n = 50, 77%) Declining (n = 50, 77%) 10,000 (2.74)
Psidium guajava Cough Available (n = 31, 47.7%)
Out of stock (n = 18, 27.7%)
H (n = 10, 15.4%)
M (n = 39, 59.6%)
Abundant (n = 42, 64.6%)
Declining (n = 7, 10.4%)
7000 (1.92)
Mangifera indica Cough Available (n = 44, 67.7%)
Out of stock (n = 4, 7.3%)
M (n = 48, 75.0%) Abundant (n = 48, 75.0%) 5000 (1.37)
Eucalyptus grandis Cough Available (n = 48, 74.0%) H (n = 48, 74.0%) Declining (n = 48, 74.0%) 13,500 (3.70)
Allium sativum Cough Available (n = 29, 44.6%)
Out of stock (n = 12, 19.4%)
H (n = 41, 64%) Abundant (n = 7, 10.8%)
Declining (n = 8, 12.3%)
Rare (n = 26, 40.9%)
48,000 (13.15)
Vernonia amygdalina Cough Available (n = 36, 55.4%)
Out of stock (n = 4, 5.6%)
M (n = 40, 61%) Abundant (n = 31, 47.7%)
Declining (n = 9, 13.3%)
5000 (1.37)
Persea americana Cough Available (n = 27, 41.5%)
Out of stock (n = 16, 24.5%)
M (n = 6, 9.2%)
L (n = 37, 56.8%)
Abundant (n = 43, 66.0%) 4000 (1.10)
Syzygium cumini Cough Available (n = 30, 46.2%)
Out of stock (n = 13, 19.8%)
M (n = 8, 12.3%)
L (n = 35, 53.7%)
Abundant (n = 43, 66.0%) 4000 (1.10)
Citrus sinensis Cough Available (n = 43, 66.2%)
Out of stock (n = 3, 4.8%)
H (n = 46, 71.0%) Declining (n = 46, 71.0%) 8000 (2.19)
Aristolochia littoralis Diarrhea Available (n = 20, 30.8%)
Out of stock (n = 25, 39.2%)
M (n = 12, 18.5%)
L (n = 33, 51.5%)
Abundant (n = 20, 30.8%)
Rare (n = 25, 39.2%)
5500 (1.51)
  1. UGX Uganda shillings, USD United States dollars, kg kilogram, HM herbal medicine, H high, M moderate, L low
  2. aAverage exchange rate of USD 1.0 = UGX 3650 [102]