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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the study participants

From: Diabetes mellitus and HIV infection among active tuberculosis patients in Northwest Ethiopia: health facility-based cross-sectional study

Characteristics Total (%) DM HIV
Positive Negative Positive Negative
Address
 Urban 90 (33.5) 5 (16.1) 85 (35.7) 31 (52.5) 59 (28.1)
 Rural 179 (66.5) 26 (83.6) 153 (64.3) 28 (47.5) 151 (71.9)
Gender
 Male 144 (53.5) 19 (61.3) 125 (52.5) 29 (49.2) 115 (54.8)
 Female 125 (46.5) 12 (38.7) 113 (47.5) 30 (50.8) 95 (45.2)
Age category
 18–30 126 (46.8) 9 (25.7) 117 (50.0) 28 (47.5) 98 (46.7)
 31–40 61 (22.7) 13 (37.1) 48 (20.5) 13 (22.0) 48 (22.9)
 > 40 82 (30.5) 13 (37.1) 69 (29.5) 18 (30.5) 64 (30.5)
Marital status
 Single 62 (23.0) 7 (22.6) 55 (23.1) 17 (28.8) 45 (21.4)
 Married 160 (59.5) 19 (61.3) 141 (59.2) 31 (52.5) 129 (61.4)
 Widowed or divorced 47 (17.5) 5 (16.1) 42 (17.6) 11 (18.6) 36 (17.1)
Family size
 < 5 178 (66.2) 15 (48.4) 163 (68.5) 42 (71.2) 136 (64.8)
 ≥ 5 91 (33.8) 16 (51.6) 75 (31.5) 17 (28.8) 74 (35.2)
Educational status
 No formal education 152 (56.5) 17 (54.8) 135 (56.7) 27 (45.8) 125 (59.5)
 Primary (grade 1–8) 60 (22.3) 7 (22.6) 53 (22.3) 16 (27.1) 44 (21.0)
 Secondary (grade 9–12) 26 (9.7) 3 (9.7) 23 (9.7) 5 (8.5) 21 (10.0)
 College or University 31 (11.5) 4 (12.9) 27 (11.3) 11 (18.6) 20 (9.5)
Occupation
 Employee 31 (11.5) 4 (12.9) 27 (11.3) 11 (18.6) 20 (9.5)
 Farmer 145 (53.9) 18 (58.1) 127 (53.4) 21 (35.6) 124 (59.0)
 Merchant 23 (8.6) 2 (6.5) 21 (8.8) 9 (15.3) 14 (6.7)
 Students 22 (8.2) 4 (12.9) 18 (7.6) 8 (13.6) 14 (6.7)
 No job 48 (17.8) 3 (9.7) 45 (18.9) 10 (16.9) 38 (18.1)
Income per month in ETB
 < 1000.0ETB 113 (42.0) 15 (48.4) 98 (41.2) 23 (39.0) 90 (42.9)
 1000.00–1999.00ETB 62 (23.0) 9 (29.0) 53 (22.3) 21 (35.6) 67 (31.9)
 > 2000.00ETB 94 (34.9) 7 (22.6) 87 (36.6) 15 (25.4) 53 (25.2)
  1. ETB: Ethiopian Birr, the exchange rate 1USD = 27.00ETB; DM: diabetes mellitus; HIV: human immunodeficiency virus