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Table 2 Primary causes of child death among 307 children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

From: Risk factors for mortality among Tanzanian infants and children

 Total, n (%)Children born to HIV positive mothers (N = 262), n (%)Children born to HIV negative mothers (N = 45), n (%)
Respiratory diseases1109 (35.5)96 (36.6)13 (28.9)
Malaria53 (17.3)46 (17.6)7 (15.6)
Diarrheal diseases239 (12.7)34 (13.0)5 (11.1)
Undetermined26 (8.5)19 (7.3)7 (15.6)
Meningitis22 (7.2)18 (6.9)4 (8.8)
Septicaemia20 (6.5)20 (7.6)0 (0.0)
Viral encephalitis17 (5.5)14 (5.3)3 (6.6)
Other313 (4.2)9 (3.4)3 (6.7)
Neonatal conditions48 (2.6)6 (2.3)2 (4.4)
Total deaths307 (100)262 (100)45 (100)
  1. 1Respiratory illnesses included upper respiratory infection, acute pneumonia and pulmonary tuberculosis
  2. 2Diarrheal diseases included acute watery diarrhea, persistent diarrhea and dysentery
  3. 3Other included burns, protein energy malnutrition, severe anemia in congestive cardiac failure, motor traffic accident and burns
  4. 4Neonatal conditions included sudden infant death syndrome, congenital anomalies and haemorrhagic disease of the newborn