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Table 2 Knowledge on adverse medical events (n = 221)

From: Experiences of frontline nurses with adverse medical events in a regional referral hospital in northern Ghana: a cross-sectional study

Knowledge proxies on AMEs Professional category
Professional (n = 133) Auxiliary (n = 88) Total p value
Mean (SD)** Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Types of AMEs 3.3 (0.97) 3.1 (1.10) 3.2 (1.00) 0.0819
Risk to exposure to AMEs 3.4 (0.92) 3.0 (0.92) 3.2 (0.93) 0.0055*
Advocacy on AMEs 3.2 (0.92) 2.9 (0.97) 3.1 (0.95) 0.0190*
Reporting of AMEs 3.2 (0.99) 3.2 (1.10) 3.2 (1.00) 0.7996
Actions following exposure to AMEs 3.1 (0.97) 2.9 (0.94) 3.0 (0.96) 0.2201
Employer’s role on AMEs 3.0 (1.00) 2.8 (1.10) 2.9 (1.00) 0.0889
Recognition of exposure to AMEs 3.4 (0.96) 3.1 (1.10) 3.3 (1.00) 0.0548
Overall knowledge score on AMEs 3.2 (0.70) 3.0 (0.70) 3.1 (0.71) 0.0346*
  1. Source: field data (2018)
  2. Legend:
  3. *Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney two-tailed test of hypothesis at 95% confidence level
  4. **Means and standard deviations derived from the summated 5-point Likert scale items on knowledge levels on AMEs from 1 “very poor” to 5 “excellent;” thus, higher mean scores depict better knowledge levels on AMEs and vice versa