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Table 2 Characteristics of under-5 moderate-to-severe diarrheal children from the two types of tube well water-user families

From: Relation of childhood diarrheal morbidity with the type of tube well used and associated factors of Shigella sonnei diarrhea in rural Bangladesh site of the Global Enteric Multicenter Study

Variables Shallow tube well (N = 663), n (%) Deep tube well (N = 731), n (%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) p value
Age (month)
 0–11 264 (39.8) 286 (39.1) 1.03 [0.83, 1.27] 0.957
 12–23 226 (34.1) 250 (34.2) 0.99 [0.79, 1.24]
 24–59 173 (26.1) 195 (26.7) 0.97 [0.76, 1.23]
Gender
 Girl 277 (41.8) 303 (41.5) 1.01 [0.81, 1.25] 0.944
 Boy 386 (58.2) 428 (58.5)  
Maternal education
 Illiterate 79 (11.9) 78 (10.7) 1.13 [0.81, 1.57] 0.516
 Literate 584 (88.1) 653 (89.3)  
Sleeping room
 1–4 630 (95.0) 666 (91.1) 1.86 [1.21, 2.87] 0.005*
 5–10 33 (5.0) 65 (8.9)  
Floor
 Earth 582 (87.8) 578 (79.1) 1.90 [1.41, 2.54] < 0.001*
 Cemented 81 (12.2) 153 (20.9)  
Electricity
 No 268 (40.4) 233 (31.9) 1.45 [1.16, 1.80] 0.001*
 Yes 395 (59.6) 498 (68.1)  
Water trips daily
 1–4 348 (53.0) 386 (52.8) 0.99 [0.80, 1.22] 0.994
 5–26 309 (47.0) 345 (47.2)  
Treating method
 Through cloth 628 (94.7) 721 (98.6) 0.24 [0.12, 0.50] < 0.001*
 Filter 35 (5.3) 10 (1.4)  
Treat drinking water  
 No 615 (92.8) 718 (98.2) 0.23 [0.12, 0.43] < 0.001*
 Yes 48 (7.2) 13 (1.8)  
Type of container
 Wide mouth container 633 (99.5) 700 (99.4) 1.20 [0.26, 5.40] 1.000
 Narrow mouth container 3 (0.5) 4 (0.6)  
Container covered
 No 363 (57.1) 384 (54.5) 1.10 [0.89, 1.37] 0.381
 Yes 273 (42.9) 320 (45.5)  
Hand wash use
 Water with ash and mud 88 (13.3) 84 (11.5) 1.17 [0.86, 1.62] 0.353
 Water and soap only 575 (86.7) 647 (88.5)  
Hand washing practice
 Before eating  
  No 139 (21.0) 117 (16.0) 1.39 [1.06, 1.82] 0.020*
  Yes 524 (79.0) 614 (84.0)  
 Before cooking
  No 292 (44.0) 328 (44.9) 0.96 [0.78, 1.19] 0.797
  Yes 371 (56.0) 403 (55.1)  
 Before nursing
  No 506 (76.3) 521 (71.3) 1.29 [1.02, 1.65] 0.038*
  Yes 157 (23.7) 210 (28.7)  
 After defecation
  No 108 (16.3) 122 (16.7) 0.97 [0.73, 1.29] 0.897
  Yes 555 (83.7) 609 (83.3)  
Fecal dispose
 Traditional pit toilet 368 (55.5) 438 (59.9) 0.83 [0.67, 1.03] 0.107
 Pour flush toilet 295 (44.5) 293 (40.1)  
Nutritional status
 % stunting 156 (23.5) 179 (24.5) 0.95 [0.74, 1.21] 0.722
 % underweight 221 (33.3) 232 (31.7) 1.07 [0.86, 1.35] 0.563
 % wasting 141 (21.3) 154 (21.1) 1.01 [0.78, 1.31] 0.980
Wealth quintile  
 Poor 291 (43.9) 270 (36.9) 1.33 [1.08, 1.66] 0.010*
 Rich 372 (56.1) 461 (63.1)  
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, *p value statistically significant at < 0.05