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Table 3 Factors associated with mobile phone bacterial contamination amongst health professionals (n = 226) at Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital, Harar, Eastern Ethiopia, Feb–Mar 2018

From: Bacterial contamination of mobile phones of health professionals in Eastern Ethiopia: antimicrobial susceptibility and associated factors

Characteristics Mobile phone contaminated    
   Yes (%) No (%) Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) P value
Sex Male 115 (95.8) 5 (4.2) 4.1 [1.2, 15.5] 4.1 [1.1, 15.8]  
  Female 96 (89.7) 10 (11.3) 1 1 0.041*
Mobile phone with Cover 128 (92.8) 10 (7.2) 1 1  
  No cover 85 (96.6) 3 (3.4) 2.2 [0.6, 8.3] 1.8 [0.5, 7.2] 0.409
Share phone with colleagues Yes 161 (95.3) 8 (4.7) 0.5 [0.2, 1.7]   
  No 52 (91.2) 5 (8.7) 1   
Answer calls while attending to patients Yes 141(96.6) 5 (3.4) 1 1  
  No 72 (90) 8 (10) 0.3 [0.1, 1] 0.4 [0.1, 1.3] 0.129
Regularly clean mobile phone Yes 56 (87.5) 8 (12.5) 1 1 0.021*
  No 157 (96.9) 5 (3.1) 4.5 [1.4, 14.3] 4.1 [1.2, 13.5]  
Wash hands with soap before attending to patients Yes 48 (90.6) 5 (9.4) 1 1  
  No 165 (95.4) 8 (4.6) 2.4 [0.7, 6.9] 1.8 [0.5, 6.1] 0.37
  1. CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio
  2. aSex, the presence of mobile phone cover, answering calls while attending to patients, regular phone cleaning habit, and hand washing with soap before attending to patients were included to calculate the AOR
  3. *Statistically significant at p value < 0.05