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Table 7 Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of antibiotic prescription for outpatients under 5 years of age with common cold or upper respiratory tract infection

From: Antibiotic prescription for under-fives with common cold or upper respiratory tract infection in Savannakhet Province, Lao PDR

Characteristics AB prescribed Unadjusted Adjusted
N (%) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Hospital
 Provincial 106 (68.8) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 District 299 (70.8) 1.10 (0.73–1.64) 0.73 (0.26–2.07)
Sex
 Boys 217 (69.8) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Girls 188 (70.9) 1.06 (0.74–1.51) 1.04 (0.44–2.46)
Age group
 0 year 79 (62.2) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 1 year 99 (68.3) 1.30 (0.79–2.16) 0.55 (0.15–2.06)
 2 years 102 (75.6) 1.88 (1.10–3.19) 0.72 (0.18–2.81)
 3 years 74 (75.5) 1.87 (1.04–3.36) 0.40 (0.93–1.71)
 4 years 51 (71.8) 1.54 (0.82–2.91) 0.30 (0.06–1.41)
Health insurances status
 Covered by CBHI 180 (73.6) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Covered by the others 85 (75.8) 1.41 (0.88–2.28) 1.48 (0.42–5.20)
 Not covered by health insurance 141 (62.1) 0.53 (0.37–0.76) 1.37 (0.49–3.82)
Diagnosis
 Common cold 8 (4.9) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Pharyngitis 341 (96.0) 474 (195–1155) 660 (234–1856)
 Others 56 (98.3) 1092 (133–8927) 1567 (177–13,876)
  1. CBHI community-based health insurance