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Table 4 Association of intestinal helminths with the CD4-positive T cell count in HIV-infected patients (n = 199; among the participants who were screened for helminths via stool samples, only 199 had available CD4-positive T cell count data)

From: Intestinal helminth infections in HIV-infected patients in Savannakhet after establishment of an HIV registration network in Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Species CD4-positive T cell count (cells/μL) OR (95% CI) P value
< 200 (n = 43) ≥ 200 (n = 156)
Positive Negative Positive Negative
Any helminths 14 (32.6%) 29 (67.4%) 56 (35.9%) 100 (64.1%) 0.86 (0.42–1.77) 0.72
O. viverrini 5 (11.6%) 38 (88.4%) 28 (17.9%) 128 (82.1%) 0.60 (0.22–1.67) 0.49
S. stercoralis 4 (9.3%) 39 (90.7%) 16 (10.3%) 140 (89.7%) 0.90 (0.28–2.84) 1.00
 Hookworm 6 (14.0%) 37 (86.0%) 16 (10.3%) 140 (89.7%) 1.42 (0.52–3.88) 0.58
T. saginata 1 (2.3%) 42 (97.7%) 6 (3.8%) 150 (96.2%) 0.60 (0.07–5.08) 1.00