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Table 1 Risk factors associated with loose stool form in healthy Indonesian children

From: Possible pathogenicity of commensal Entamoeba hartmanni revealed by molecular screening of healthy school children in Indonesia

Factor Prevalence (%) Loose stool rate (%) Adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) *P value
(Wald’s test)
Age (years) NA NA 0.71 (0.59–0.86) < 0.001*
Male (male vs. female) NA 48/74 (64.9) 0.6 (0.28–1.28) 0.183
Giardia intestinalis 81/144 (56.3) 54/81(66.7) 0.78 (0.36–1.67) 0.520
G. intestinalis Assemblage A 23/144 (16.0) 16/23 (69.6) 0.73 (0.28–1.96) 0.537
G. intestinalis Assemblage B 78/144 (54.2) 51/78 (65.4) 0.79 (0.37–1.69) 0.551
Any Entameoba spp. 76/144 (52.8) 51/76 (67.1) 1.09 (0.51–2.34) 0.817
E. histolytica 0 NA NA NA
E. dispar 10/144 (6.9) 8/10 (80.0) 1.74 (0.34–8.9) 0.507
E. moshkovskii 0 NA NA NA
E. hartmanni 45/144 (31.3) 31/45 (68.9) 2.81 (1.1–3.7) 0.026*
E. coli 64/144 (44.4) 41/64 (64.1) 0.96 (0.45–2.06) 0.915
  1. * values significant with respect to a P value of 0.05
  2. NA, not applicable