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Table 4 Spatiotemporal clusters of under-five diarrhea in Southern Ethiopia between July 2011 and June 2017

From: Spatial, temporal, and spatiotemporal analysis of under-five diarrhea in Southern Ethiopia

Cluster number District Population Coordinates Time frame Obs.* Exp¥ Annual cases/100,000 Observed/expected RR LLR P value
1 Malga 21,530 6.933700 N, 38.562860 E 2012/12/1 to 2015/5/31 6186 3097.21 11,627.8 2.00 2.03 1214.67 < 0.001
2 Loka Abaya 19,459 6.694306 N, 38.202427 E 2012/1/1 to 2012/5/31 900 441.07 11,879.4 2.04 2.05 183.47 < 0.001
3 Bursa 20,322 6.590160 N, 38.606330 E 2011/12/1 to 2011/12/31 327 93.27 20,410.6 3.51 3.51 176.61 < 0.001
4 Gorchie 20,683 6.876740 N, 38.584650 E 2014/3/1 to 2014/4/30 479 199.43 13,983.0 2.40 2.41 140.34 < 0.001
5 Wensho 17,583 6.749010 N, 38.517450 E 2012/3/1 to 2012/3/31 216 81.28 15,471.9 2.66 2.66 76.44 < 0.001
  1. RR relative risk, LLR log-likelihood ratio
  2. *Number of observed cases in a cluster
  3. ¥Number of expected cases in a cluster