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Table 7 Univariate and multivariable analysis of factors associated with self-medication practice among pregnant women in Addis Ababa, 2017 (n = 617)

From: Self-medication practice and associated factors among pregnant women in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Variables Self-medication practice COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) p value
Yes No
Age in years
 18–24 46 148 0.64 (0.381–1.072) 0.81 (0.446–1.475) 0.492
 25–29 60 191 0.65 (0.395–1.057) 0.72 (0.419–1.246) 0.242
 30–34 36 74 1.00 1.00  
 > 34 22 40 1.13 (0.587–2.177) 1.002 (0.474–2.118) 0.996
Employment
 Housewife 55 174 0.69 (0.425–1.113) 0.82 (0.464–1.448) 0.494
 Government employee 40 87 1.00 1.00  
 Private employee 47 123 0.83 (0.503–1.375) 0.91 (0.514–1.622) 0.756
 Merchant 13 42 0.67 (0.326–1.391) 0.68 (0.304–1.513) 0.343
 Others* 9 27 0.73 (0.312–1.683) 0.61 (0.229–1.627) 0.324
Average monthly family income
 < 3000 ETB 54 135 1.00 1.00  
 3000–5999 ETB 63 210 0.75 (0.491–1.145) 0.83 (0.517–1.334) 0.442
 > 6000 ETB 47 108 1.09 (0.683–1.733) 1.47 (0.831–2.598) 0.185
Gestational Period
 First trimester 21 71 0.67 (0.383–1.160) 0.61 (0.326–1.128) 0.114
 Second trimester 64 204 0.71 (0.480–1.040) 0.63 (0.406–0.984) 0.042*
 Third trimester 79 178 1.00 1.00  
Maternal Education
 Yes 115 374 0.50 (0.328–0.479) 1.08 (0.631–1.851) 0.777
 No 49 79 1.00 1.00  
Education on self-medication
 Yes 56 282 0.31 (0.216–0.457) 0.36 (0.209–0.617) <0.001*
 No 108 171 1.00 1.00  
Counseling
 Yes 69 272 0.48 (0.336–0.693) 1.28 (0.706–2.321) 0.416
 No 95 181 1.00 1.00  
Previous medication
 Yes 121 175 4.47 (3.008–6.642) 4.20 (2.695–6.534) < 0.001*
 No 43 278 1.00 1.00  
Previous pregnancy- and delivery-related problems
 Yes 51 88 1.87 (1.249–2.805) 1.71 (1.06–2.76) 0.028*
 No 113 365 1.00 1.00  
Knowledge
 Poor knowledge 96 194 1.00 1.00  
 Good knowledge 68 259 0.53 (0.369–0.762) 0.64 (0.419–0.973) 0.037*
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio, COR crude odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *Statistically significant (p < 0.05)