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Table 6 Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite rate and annual entomological inoculation rate (EIR) of Anopheles mosquitoes in the lowland (Kesem), midland (Koka), and highland (Koga) dam and non-dam villages in Ethiopia, between October 2013 and July 2014

From: Malaria impact of large dams at different eco-epidemiological settings in Ethiopia

Site Village An. arabiensis An. pharoensis An. funestus An. coustani
Lowland dam Dam village
 No. tested 1423 782 449 99
 No. positive (%) 59 (4.1) 18 (2.3) 20 (4.5) 0 (0.0)
 Annual EIR 129.8 33.3 47.8 0
Non-dam village
 No. tested 466 251 36 103
 No. positive (%) 8 (1.7) 3 (1.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Annual EIR 15.6 5.0 0 0
Midland dam Dam village
 No. tested 541 421 36 103
 No. positive (%) 11 (2.0) 6 (1.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Annual EIR 20.7 10.2 0 0
Non-dam village
 No. tested 205 126 a 66
 No. positive (%) 1 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Annual EIR 2.0 0 0
Highland dam Dam village
 No. tested 64 16 12
 No. positive (%) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Annual EIR 0 0   0
Non-dam village
 No. tested 23 0 0 16
 No. positive 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Annual EIR 0 0 0 0
  1. EIR refers to the number of infective bites per person per year
  2. a− (minus) refers to absence of the species in that area