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Table 4 Self-reported side effects by sex

From: Perceptions and experiences of COVID-19 vaccines’ side effects among healthcare workers at an Egyptian University Hospital: a cross-sectional study

Side effects Males (n = 279) Females (n = 967) χ2 p
n % n %
Systemic side effects
 Fever 160 57.3 420 43.4 16.849 < 0.001
 Vomiting 19 6.8 57 5.9 0.317 0.573
 Diarrhea 25 9.0 58 6.0 3.057 0.080
 Headache 132 47.3 490 50.7 0.978 0.323
 Fatigue 171 61.3 540 55.8 2.623 0.105
 Chills 107 38.4 215 22.2 29.351 < 0.001
 Muscle pains 158 56.6 449 46.4 9.014 0.003
 Joint pains 92 33.0 298 30.8 0.469 0.493
 Urticaria 8 2.9 34 3.5 0.280 0.597
 Shortness of breathing 21 7.5 75 7.8 0.016 0.899
 Chest pain 20 7.2 77 8.0 0.190 0.663
 Edema of arms or legs 6 2.2 30 3.1 0.699 0.403
 Loss of appetite 55 19.7 119 12.3 9.888 0.002
 Dysphagia 31 11.1 50 5.2 12.571 < 0.001
 Constipation 12 4.3 36 3.7 0.195 0.658
 Bleeding under the skin 3 1.1 15 1.6 FET 0.591
 Bleeding from the nose 12 4.3 11 1.1 11.960 0.001
Injection site
 Pain 175 62.7 632 65.4 0.658 0.417
 Redness 64 22.9 229 23.7 0.066 0.797
 Swelling 71 25.4 263 27.2 0.338 0.561
  1. FET Fisher’s Exact test