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Table 3 Factors associated with Toxocara canis infection among dog owners

From: Seroprevalence of anti-Toxocara canis antibodies and associated risk factors among dog owners in the rural community of Nakhon Si Thammarat province, southern Thailand

Variables Number (%) Seropositive (%) Seronegative (%) COR 95% CI p value AOR 95% CI p value
Gender
 Male 25 (18.9) 20 (80.0) 5 (20.0) 1      
 Female 107 (81.1) 81 (75.7) 26 (24.3) 1.284 0.44–3.76 0.649    
Age (years)
 18–35 20 (15.1) 17 (85.0) 3 (15.0) 1      
 36–53 63 (47.7) 47 (74.6) 16 (25.4) 0.518 0.13–2.00 0.341    
 54–71 36 (27.3) 27 (75.0) 9 (25.0) 0.529 0.12–2.24 0.387    
 72–89 13 (9.9) 10 (76.9) 3 (23.1) 0.588 0.10–3.49 0.559    
Dog bleed
 Local bleed 107 (81.1) 82 (62.1) 25 (18.9) 1      
 Foreign bleed 13 (9.8) 3 (2.3) 10 (7.6) 0.869 0.21–3.67 0.848    
 Hybrid bleed 12 (9.1) 9 (6.8) 3 (2.3) 1.105 0.16–7.49 0.919    
Dog vaccination
 Yes 63 (47.7) 46 (34.8) 17 (12.9) 1      
 No 69 (52.3) 55 (41.7) 14 (10.6) 1.03 0.40–2.63 0.951    
Dog deworm
 Yes 41 (31.1) 29 (22.0) 12 (9.1) 1      
 No 91 (68.9) 72 (54.5) 19 (14.4) 1.122 0.43–2.95 0.815    
Bathing dogs
 Yes 80 (60.6) 59 (73.8) 21 (26.2) 1      
 No 52 (39.4) 42 (80.8) 10 (19.2) 1.161 0.45–2.95 0.757    
Get rid of tick/fleas
 Yes 93 (70.5) 67 (72.0) 26 (28.0) 1      
 No 39 (29.5) 34 (87.2) 5 (12.8) 2.442 0.75–8.00 0.140    
Play with dogs
 Yes 95 (72.0) 72 (75.8) 23 (24.2) 1.158 0.46–2.88 0.753    
 No 37 (28.0) 29 (78.4) 8 (21.6) 1      
Kiss with dogs
 Yes 30 (22.7) 23 (76.7) 7 (23.3) 0.989 0.38–2.59 0.982    
 No 102 (77.3) 78 (76.5) 24 (23.5) 1      
Touch with dogs
 Yes 98 (74.2) 75 (76.5) 23 (23.5) 0.997 0.40–2.50 0.994    
 No 34 (25.8) 26 (76.5) 8 (23.5) 1      
Sleep place
 Indoor 12 (9.1) 11 (91.7) 1 (8.3) 1      
 Outdoor 120 (90.9) 90 (75.0) 30 (25.0) 0.273 0.03–2.20 0.223    
Frequency of playing with dogs
 Never 36 (27.3) 28 (77.8) 8 (22.2) 1      
 1–2 times/week 40 (30.3) 29 (72.5) 11 (27.5) 0.75 0.23–2.44 0.633    
 3–4 times/week 22 (16.7) 16 (72.7) 6 (27.3) 0.561 0.18–1.74 0.319    
 5–7 times/week 34 (25.8) 28 (82.4) 6 (17.6) 0.571 0.16–2.07 0.394    
Handwashing before meals
 Yes 112 (84.8) 83 (74.1) 29 (25.9) 1    1   
 No 20 (15.2) 18 (90.0) 2 (10.0) 8.383 1.89–37.16 0.005* 6.067 1.10–33.34 0.038*
Handwashing after contact with soil
 Yes 111 (84.1) 82 (73.9) 29 (26.1) 1    1   
 No 21 (15.9) 19 (90.5) 2 (9.5) 5.027 1.12–22.54 0.035* 2.096 0.38–11.40 0.392
Handwashing after contact with dog
 Yes 108 (81.8) 80 (74.1) 28 (25.9) 1    1   
 No 24 (18.2) 21 (87.5) 3 (12.5) 4.519 1.00–22.34 0.049* 1.082 0.17–6.78 0.933
Dog feces management
 Yes 66 (50.0) 49 (74.2) 17 (25.8) 1      
 No 66 (50.0) 52 (78.8) 14 (21.2) 1.289 0.57–2.89 0.538    
  1. *Statistically significant at p < 0.05