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Table 1 Descriptive summary of 23 studies included in the meta-analysis to estimate good food hygiene practice among food handlers in Ethiopia

From: Food hygiene practices and determinants among food handlers in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study ID Author (year) Region Sampling method Component of food hygiene assessed by each study Response rate (%) sample size The proportion of good food hygiene practice with 95%
1 Abdi et al. 2021 [41] Addis Ababa Simple random sampling hand, utensils and water hygiene 95.2 394 27.4 (26.7, 28.1)
2 Abe et al. 2021[56] Oromia Simple random sampling hand, utensils and water hygiene 99 305 57.7 (52.2, 63.2)
3 Meleko et al. 2015 [50] Addis Ababa Census Personal/Hand and Utensil hygiene 100 302 47.6 (46.7, 48.5
4 Adane et al. 2018 [42] Amhara Systematic sampling Hand and utensils hygiene 100 135 69.6 (68.4, 70.7)
5 Azanaw et al. 2019 [38] Amhara Simple random sampling waste management, Utensil cleanliness 100 384 49.0 (48.2, 49.8)
6 Chekol et al. 2019 [37] Amhara Simple random sampling not reported 98.6 416 40.1 (39.4, 40.9)
7 Dagne et al. 2019 [43] Amhara Simple random sampling Wearing protective cloth, clean and sanitize working service, finger nail trimming, utensil and hand hygiene 100 423 49.6 (48.8, 50.4)
8 Derso et al. 2017 [44] Amhara Simple random sampling Personal, Hand and Utensil hygiene 98.8 417 67.6 (66.9, 68.3)
9 Gizaw et al. 2014 [53] Amhara Systematic sampling Wearing protective cloth, utensil and hand hygiene 100 403 30.3 (29.6, 31.0)
10 Kibret et al. 2012 [36] Amhara Simple random sampling Hand hygiene 100 455 90.1 (89.8, 90.4)
11 Lema et al. 2020 [47] Amhara Simple random sampling Wearing protective cloth, utensil and hand hygiene 98.2 394 46.7 (45.9, 47.5)
12 Reta et al. 2018 [51] Amhara Simple random sampling Wearing protective cloth, utensil hygiene and finger nail trimming 100 288 46.5 (45.6, 47.4)
13 Alemayehu et al. 2020 [54] Amhara Simple random sampling Wearing protective cloth, utensil hygiene and finger nail trimming 100 408 53.7 (52.9, 54.5)
14 Teferi et al. 2021[57] Oromia Simple random sampling not reported 100 422 50.5 (45.7, 55.3)
15 Tessema et al. 2020[55] Amhara Census Wearing protective cloth, utensil and hand hygiene 94.4 406 52.5 (51.7, 53.3)
16 Yenealam et al. 2020 [52] Amhara Systematic sampling Working environment cleaning, utensil and hand hygiene 95.53 214 66.4 (65.4, 67.4)
17 Kuti et al. 2015 [35] Oromia Census Wearing protective cloth, utensil and hand hygiene, finger nail trimming, 98 198 90.4 (89.8, 91.0)
18 Yeshanew et al. 2021 [33] Oromia Simple random sampling Wearing protective cloth, utensil and hand hygiene 100 139 19.4 (18.4, 20.4)
19 Mekasha et al. 2016 [49] Oromia Simple random sampling working environment cleanliness, utensil and hand hygiene 100 112 41 (39.7, 42.3)
20 Lalit et al. 2015 [45] Tigray Simple random sampling finger nail trimming, hand hygiene 97.5 369 53.1 (52.3, 53.9)
21 Mardu et al. 2020 [48] Tigray Census Environmental and hand hygiene 100 66 51.5 (50.0, 53.0)
22 Legesse et al. 2017 [46] SNNPR Simple random sampling wearing protective cloth, utensil and finger nail trimming, hand hygiene 98.9 383 32.6 (31.9, 33.3)
23 Tesfaye et al. 2020 [34] Somali Census Personal and hand hygiene, finger nail trimming 100 120 27.5 (26.3, 28.7)
  1. SNNPR Southern Nations, Nationalities, and peoples’ Region