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Table 1 Descriptive analysis: sociodemographic characteristics, COVID-19 threat, and parental vaccine hesitancy

From: Parental COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy for children with neurodevelopmental disorders: a cross-sectional survey

Variables Total sample n (%) Likelihood of vaccinating children p value
Not likely/definitely not n (%) Very likely/somewhat-likely n (%)
All participants 396 (100) 169 (42.7) 227 (57.3) N/A
Children’s age group (in year)
 0–4 159 (40.2) 92 (57.9) 67 (42.1) < 0.001
 5–9 156(39.4) 60 (38.5) 96 (61.5)
 10–14 63 (15.9) 13 (20.6) 50 (79.4)
 15–17 18 (4.5) 4 (22.2) 14 (77.8)
Children’s gender
 Male 241 (60.9) 104 (43.2) 137 (56.8) 0.811
 Female 155 (39.1) 65 (41.9) 90 (58.1)
Parents’ age group (in year)
 18–25 27 (6.8) 13 (48.1) 14 (51.9) < 0.001
 26–30 94 (23.7) 49 (52.1) 45 (47.9)
 31–35 109 (27.5) 57 (52.3) 52 (47.7)
 36–40 101 (25.5) 36 (35.6) 65 (64.4)
 41–45 45 (11.4) 14 (31.1) 31 (68.9)
 46–50 15 (3.8) 0 (0) 15 (100)
 ≥ 51 5 (1.3) 0 (0) 5 (100)
Parents’ gender
 Female 157 (39.6) 74 (47.1) 83 (52.9) 0.146
 Male 239 (60.4) 95 (39.7) 144 (60.3)
Marital status
 Married 376 (94.9) 163 (43.4) 213 (56.6) 0.239
 Divorced or widow 20 (5.1) 6 (30) 14 (70)
Religion
 Muslim 346 (87.4) 149 (43.1) 197 (56.9) 0.521
 Hindu 47 (11.9) 20 (42.6) 27 (57.4)
 Buddha 1 (.3) 0 (0) 1 (100)
 Cristian 2 (.5) 0 (0) 2 (100)
Type of family
 Joint family 116 (29.3) 56 (48.3) 60 (51.7) 0.147
 Nuclear family 280 (70.7) 113 (40.4) 167 (59.6)
Number of children
 One 131 (33.1) 66 (50.4) 65 (49.6) 0.090
 Two 175 (44.2) 67 (38.3) 108 (61.7)
 Three or more 90 (22.7) 36 (40) 54 (60)
Educational qualification
 ≤ High school 118 (29.8) 46 (39) 72 (61) 0.176
 College education 99 (25) 44 (44.4) 55 (55.6)
 Graduate 103 (26) 52 (50.5) 51 (49.5)
 Post graduate 76 (19.2) 27 (35.5) 49 (64.5)
Occupation
 Service 96 (24.2) 41 (42.7) 55 (57.3) 0.419
 Business 60 (15.2) 32 (53.3) 28 (46.7)
 Unemployed 21 (5.3) 10 (47.6) 11 (52.4)
 Student 6 (1.5) 2 (33.3) 4 (66.7)
 Home maker 157 (39.6) 65 (41.4) 92 (58.6)
 Healthcare 26 (6.6) 7 (26.9) 19 (73.1)
 Daily labor 30 (7.6) 12 (40) 18 (60)
Monthly household income (৳)
 < ৳15 000 103 (26) 45 (43.7) 58 (56.3) 0.973
 ৳ 15,000–30,000 86 (21.7) 35 (40.7) 51 (59.3)
 ৳ 31,000–45,000 76 (19.2) 32 (42.1) 44 (57.9)
 > ৳ 45,000 131 (33.1) 57 (43.5) 74 (56.5)
Current residence type
 Own 186 (47) 81 (43.5) 105 (56.5) 0.907
 Rented 190 (48) 79 (41.6) 111 (58.4)
 Others 20 (5) 9 (45) 11 (55)
Permanent address
 Village 195 (49.2) 88 (45.1) 107 (54.9) 0.128
 Semi city 84 (21.2) 40 (47.6) 44 (52.4)
 City 117 (29.5) 41 (35) 76 (65)
Current living location
 Central zone 248 (62.6) 107 (43.1) 141 (56.9) < 0.001
 North zone 74 (18.7) 44 (59.5) 30 (40.5)
 South zone 74 (18.7) 18 (24.3) 56 (75.7)
Present tobacco user
 No 302 (76.3) 127 (42.1) 175 (57.9) 0.653
 Yes 94 (23.7) 42 (44.7) 52 (55.3)
Regular religious practice
 No 92 (23.2) 39 (42.4) 53 (57.6) 0.950
 Yes 304 (76.8) 130 (42.8) 174 (57.2)
Political affiliation
 Ruling party 126 (31.8) 45 (35.7) 81 (64.3) 0.160
 Opposition 49 (12.4) 19 (38.8) 30 (61.2)
 Neutral 150 (37.9) 73 (48.7) 77 (51.3)
 Prefer not to say 71 (17.9) 32 (45.1) 39 (54.9)
Vaccinated/plan to vaccinate children under regular govt. vaccination programs (other than COVID-19)
 No 13 (3.3) 6 (46.2) 7 (53.8) 0.779
 Yes 383 (96.7) 163 (42.6) 220 (57.4)  
Do you think the COVID-19 vaccine will be safe and effective for Bangladeshi children?
 No 22 (5.6) 19 (86.4) 3 (13.6) < 0.001
 Yes 162 (40.9) 12 (7.4) 150 (92.6)
 Skeptical 212 (53.5) 138 (65.1) 74 (34.9)
Have you taken or planned to take the COVID-19 vaccine?
 No 81 (20.5) 64 (79) 17 (21) < 0.001
 Yes 315 (79.5) 105 (33.3) 210 (66.7)
Were you or your family member(s) tested positive for COVID-19?
 No 239 (60.4) 121 (50.6) 118 (49.4) < 0.001
 Yes 157 (39.6) 48 (30.6) 109 (69.4)
Have you lost any of your family member(s) for COVID-19?
 No 362 (91.4) 163 (45) 199 (55) 0.002
 Yes 34 (8.6) 6 (17.6) 28 (82.4)
Perceived likelihood of children or family members’ infection in the next year
 Very likely 56 (14.1) 9 (16.1) 47 (83.9) < 0.001
 Somewhat likely 240 (60.6) 102 (42.5) 138 (57.5)
 Not likely 73 (18.4) 40 (54.8) 33 (45.2)
 Definitely not 27 (6.8) 18 (66.7) 9 (33.3)
Level of concern about children or family members’ infection in the next year
 Very concerned 49 (12.4) 14 (28.6) 35 (71.4) < 0.001
 Concerned 128 (32.3) 38 (29.7) 90 (70.3)
 Slightly concerned 122 (30.8) 56 (45.9) 66 (54.1)
 Not concerned at all 97 (24.5) 61 (62.9) 36 (37.1)
  1. Bold faces are significant at a 5% significance level