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Table 5 Factors associated with hesitancy in COVID-19 vaccine uptake in logistic regression model (n = 5260)

From: Hesitancy in COVID-19 vaccine uptake and its associated factors among the general adult population: a cross-sectional study in six Southeast Asian countries

Variables in the model AOR (95% CI) P value
Age 0.99 (0.98–0.99)  < 0.001
Residential area
 Urban Reference  
 Rural 1.40 (1.24–1.59)  
Education level
 Tertiary Reference  
  ≤ Primary 7.74 (2.72–22.05)  < 0.001
 Secondary 1.19 (1.01–1.41) 0.04
 Post-secondary 1.29 (1.13–1.47)  < 0.001
Family economic status
 Medium Reference  
 Low 1.23 (1.09–1.39) 0.001
 High 1.39 (1.19–1.63)  < 0.001
Employment status
 Student Reference  
 Employed 1.21 (1.03–1.42) 0.02
 Unemployed 1.85 (1.14–2.60) 1.85
Country of residence
 Philippines Reference  
 Indonesia 6.81 (4.81–9.64)  < 0.001
 Malaysia 1.20 (0.92–1.56) 0.17
 Myanmar 3.20 (2.30–4.46)  < 0.001
 Thailand 1.36 (1.06–1.74) 0.02
 Vietnam 11.28 (8.22–1.50)  < 0.001
  1. AOR, adjusted odd ratio; CI, confidence interval