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Table 2 Medicinal plants used for treatment of diarrhea and cough in Kampala city, Uganda

From: Herbal medicine used for the treatment of diarrhea and cough in Kampala city, Uganda

Family, voucher no. Serial no., local name Scientific name Life form Parts used Mode of administration RFC
Species used against cough
 Alliaceae
  KHM03 1. Katungulchumua
Tungulucumud
Allium sativum L. Herb Bulb Decoction + minced ginger, drunk 0.64
 Asparagaceae
  KHM05 2. Kajjolyenjovua Dracaena steudneri Engl. Tree Leaves Decoction drunk/powder licked 0.07
 Astareceae
  KHM06 3. Artemesiak Artemisia annua L. Herb Leaves Infusion + salt drunk 0.03
  KHM07 4. Mululuuzaa Vernonia amygdalina Delile Shrub Leaves, roots Decoction drunk 0.61
 Bignoniaceae
  KHM36 5. Mussaab Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. Tree Leaves Decoction + honey drunk 0.09
  KHM37 6. Kifabakazia Spathodea campanulata P.Beauv. Tree RB Decoction drunk 0.04
 Caricaceae
  KHM08 7. Mupapaalib Carica papaya L. Tree Leave, roots Decoction drunk 0.10
 Celastraceae
  KHM09 8. Mayirunjia Catha edulis Forssk. Shrub Leaves Chewed, extract swallowed 0.02
  KHM10 9. Muwaiswac Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes. Shrub Roots, leaves Decoction drunk 0.02
  KHM14 10. Musaalia Symphonia globulifera L.f. Tree Roots Decoction drunk 0.03
 Crassulaceae
  KHM15 11. Kiyondo Ekyerua Kalanchoe densiflora Rolfe Herb Leaves Decoction drunk 0.06
 Cucurbitaceae
  KHM11 12. Suunsaa Cucurbita maxima Duch. Creeper Leaves Decoction drunk 0.11
 Ebenaceae
  KHM16 13. Mangholue Euclea schimperi (A.DC.) Dandy Shrub Leaves Decoction drunk twice a day before meals 0.02
 Fabaceae
  KHM17 14. Akasaanaa Acacia hockii De Wild. Shrub SB Decoction drunk 0.05
  KHM20 15. Nkoogea Tamarindus indica L. Tree Fruit, SB, leaves Decoction drunk 0.18
 Dracaenaceae
  KHM19 16. Akasandasandaa Euphorbia hirta Lnn. Herb Leaves Decoction drunk 0.06
 Rubiaceae
  KHM18 17. Odwongh Gardenia ternifolia Schumach. & Thonn. subsp. jovis-tonantis (Welw.) Verdc. var. jovis-tonantis Tree Root bark Infusion of dry powder drunk 0.02
 Lamiaceae
  KHM01 18. Kyewamalaa Tetradenia riparia (Hochst.) Codd Shrub Leaves Infusion drunk 0.22
  KHM02 19. Kibwankulataa Plectranthus cyaneus Gürke Herb Leaves Decoction drunk 0.39
  KHM21 20. Kachumitad Basilicum polystachyon (L.) Moench Herb Leaves Decoction drunk 0.02
 Lauraceae
  KHM22 21. Ovakedoa Persea americana Mill. Tree Leaves, SD, SB Decoction drunk 0.66
 Malvaceae
  KHM23 22. Lusaalaa Hibiscus fuscus Garcke Herb Leaves Ash licked 0.08
 Moraceae
  KHM24 23. Muvulea Miliciaxcels (Welw.) C.C.Berg Tree Leaves, SB Decoction drunk 0.21
 Moringaceae
  KHM25 24. Molingaa Moringa oleifera Lam. Tree Leaves, roots, SD Decoction drunk 0.32
 Myricaceae
  KHM26 25. Nkikimboa Morella kandtiana (Engl.) Verdc. & Polhill Shrub Roots Decoction drunk 0.02
  KHM13 26. Kalitunsia Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill Tree Leaves, SB Infusion drunk 0.74
  KHM62 27. Kalatuci Eucalyptus viminalis Labill. Tree Leaves, RB Decoction drunk 0.06
  KHM27 28. Mwambalabutonyaa Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeels Shrub Leaves Decoction drunk 0.95
  KHM28 29. Kalitunsia Corymbia citriodora (Hook.) K.D.Hill & L.A.S.Johnson Tree Leaves, SB Concoction drunk 0.05
  KHM29 30. Jjambulaac Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels Tree Leaves Decoction drunk 0.66
  KHM30 31. Mupeeraa Psidium guajava L. Tree Leaves Decoction drunk 0.75
 Rutaceae
  KHM04 32. Niimua
Ndimaf
Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck Shrub Fruits Decoction of whole fruit/infusion of fresh mesocarp drunk, or juice squeezed out and swallowed 1.00
Species used against diarrhea
 Acanthaceae
  KHM41 33. Wankuurad Thunbergia alata Bojer ex Sims Climber Leaves Decoction drunk 0.02
 Anacardiaceae
  KHM43 34. Muzirua Pseudospondias microcarpa (A. Rich) Engl. Tree Roots Decoction drunk 0.22
 Annonaceae
  KHM44 35. Mugaalia Annona senegalensis Pers. Tree SB, leaves Decoction drunk 0.02
 Apocynaceae
  KHM45 36. Mulondoab Mondia whytei (Hook.f.) Skeels Climber Roots Infusion/chew 0.49
 Aristolochiaceae
  KHM39 37. Nakaseroa
Musujja awalabad
Aristolochia littoralis Parodi Herb Leaves Decoction drunk 0.70
 Astareceae
  KHM46 38. Akalulusa ahasindee Microglossa angolensis Oliv. & Hiern. Shrub Leaves Decoction drunk 0.03
  KHM47 39. Kafugankandea Conyza pyrrhopappa Sch.Bip. ex A. Rich Herb Leaves Decoction drunk 0.95
  KHM12 40. Etutumh Microglossa pyrifolia (Lam.) O.Kuntze Herb Roots, leaves Decoction drunk 0.09
  KHM48 41. Mugangoa Solanecio mannii (Hook.f.) C.Jeffrey Herb Leaves Decoction drunk 0.04
  KHM42 42. Sserea Bidens pilosa L. Herb Leaves Decoction drunk 0.33
 Balanitaceae
  KHM49 43. Liggwa limua Balanites aegyptiaca (L) Delile Tree Roots Decoction drunk 0.11
 Burseraceae
  KHM50 44. Muwafua Canarium schweinfurtii Engl. Tree SB Decoction drunk 0.26
 Capparaceae
  KHM51 45. Mukolokombia Capparis tomentosa Lam. Shrub Roots Decoction drunk 0.04
 Convolvulaceae
  KHM53 46. Lumondea Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Vine Leaves Decoction drunk 0.31
 Crassulaceae
  KHM52 47. Kiyondoa Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken Herb Leaves Decoction drunk 0.41
 Euphorbiaceae
  KHM69 48. Ahadungae Euphorbia heterochroma Pax Tree SB Decoction drunk 0.04
  KHM55 49. Murangarad Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Delile Tree Leaves Decoction drunk 0.02
 Fabaceae
  KHM56 50. Lusiitiab Abrus precatorius L. Tree Leaves Decoction drunk 0.13
  KHM57 51. Muwologomaa Acacia amythethophylla A. Rich. Shrub Roots Decoction drunk 0.17
  KHM58 52. Katasubwab Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. Shrub Roots Decoction 0.06
  KHM59 53. Mugavua
Kilukuj
Albizia coriaria Oliv Tree Stem bark Decoction drunk 0.35
  KHM60 54. Nkolimboab Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Herb Leaves Decoction/infusion drunk 0.24
  KHM61 55. Jjirikitia Erythrina abyssinica DC. Tree SB, roots Decoction drunk 0.05
  KHM67 56. Kiyugeyugeb Tylosema fassoglensis (Schweinf.) Torre & Hillc. Climber Roots Concoction drunk 0.02
 Lauraceae
  KHM66 57. Mukomamawanangaa Punica granatum L. Shrub SB Decoction drunk 0.02
 Meliaceae
  KHM65 58. Musonkoa Lovoa trichilioides Harms Tree SB, SD, leaves Infusion drunk 0.05
 Moraceae
  KHM64 59. Mutubaa Ficus natalensis Hochst. Tree SB Decoction drunk 0.16
 Myricaceae
  KHM63 60. Kalitunsia Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Tree SB, leaves Decoction drunk 0.03
  KHM68 61. Kalitunsia Eucalyptus saligna Sm. Tree Leaves Decoction drunk 0.06
 Onagraceae
  KHM70 62.Kajampunic
Kanyebwaa
Oxalis latifolia Kunth Herb Shoot Decoction drunk 0.24
 Peraceae
  KHM72 63. Mubaramad Clutia abyssinica Jaub. & Spach Shrub Leaves Infusion/decoction drunk 0.02
 Phyllanthaceae
  KHM31 64. Katazamitia Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baill Tree Leaves, SB Decoction drunk 0.06
  KHM32 65. Mutulikaa Phyllanthus ovalifolus Forssk. Shrub Leaves Decoction drunk 0.05
 Poaceae
  KHM71 66.Ekyisubia Cymbopogon flexuosus (Nees ex Steud.) W. Watson Grass Leaves Infusion drunk 0.96
  KHM73 67. Lumbugua Digitaria abyssinica (A. Rich.) Stapf Grass Leaves Decoction drunk 0.48
 Polygalaceae
  KHM33 68. Mukondwea Securida longipedunculata Fresen. Tree Roots, leaves Concoction drunk 0.11
 Portulacaceae
  KHM74 69. Muhangad Maesa lanceolata Forssk. Tree SB Decoction drunk 0.02
 Rosaceae
  KHM34 70. Ntaseesab
Ngwabuzitoa
Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkman Tree SB, leaves Decoction drunk 0.13
  KHM38 71. Ensaalia Eriobotrya japonica (Thumb) Lindl. Shrub Leaves Decoction drunk 0.08
 Lamiaceae
  KHM75 72. Mujaajaa Ocimum gratissimum L. Herb Leaves Decoction drunk 0.04
  KHM40 73. Muboloa Citropsis articulata (Willd. ex Spreng.) Swingle & M.Kellerm Shrub SB Decoction drunk 0.07
 Verbenaceae
  KHM76 74. Enkamia Priva flabelliformis (Moldenke) R. Fern. Herb Leaves Decoction drunk 0.47
 Zingiberaceae
  KHM35 75. Ntangawuzia Zingiber officinale Roscoe Herb Rhizome Tincture drunk 0.14
Species used against both diarrhea and cough
 Anacardiaceae
  KHM54 76. Muyembea
Menguf
Mangifera indica L. Tree Leaves Decoction drunk 0.75C, 0.21D
  KHM77 77. Kakwansokwansoa Searsia pyroides (Burch.) Moffett Shrub Leaves, Roots Decoction drunk 0.19C, 0.07D
 Canellaceae
  KHM79 78. Omuyaa Warburgia ugandensis Sprague Tree Leaves, SB, roots Decoction/infusion drunk 0.03D, 0.08C
 Cucurbitaceae
  KHM83 79. Bomboa
Bomog
Momordica foetida Schumach Climber Leaves Infusion drunk 0.98C, 0.40D
 Meliaceae
  KHM81 80. Neemk Azadirachta indica A.Juss. Tree Roots, leaves, SB Decoction drunk 0.87C, 0.03D
 Passifloraceae
  KHM82 81. Katundaad Passiflora edulis Sims Climber Leaves Decoction drunk 0.04D, 0.26C
 Poaceae
  KHM80 82. Teetea Cymbopogon citratus Stapf Grass Leaves Decoction or infusion drunk 0.32C, 0.06D
 Rutaceae
  KHM78 83. Muchungwaab
Chungwag
Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck Shrub Leaves, roots, SB, fruit Decoction drunk 0.03D, 0.71C
 Fabaceae
  KHM84 84. Mwololaa Entada abyssinica A. Rich Tree SB, leaves Infusion/decoction drunk 0.97D, 0.20C
  1. D diarrhea, C cough, SB stem bark, SD seeds, RB root bark
  2. Languages spoken: aLuganda, bLusoga, cLugishu, dRunyankore, eLunyole, fLugbara, gLangi, hAteso, iLuo, jIk/Karamojong, klocal name not available