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Table 3 Association between factors and a positive blood smear in day one

From: Artemether–lumefantrine and dihydroartemisinin–piperaquine treatment outcomes among children infected with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Mwanza, Tanzania

Factor  + blood smear in day 1 Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
RR (95% CI) p value RR (95% CI) p value
Drug      
 ALU 43.10% Ref    
 DHP 40.45% 0.94 (0.67–1.30) 0.704   
Sex      
 Female 46.67 Ref    
 Male 37.00 0.79 (0.57–1.10) 0.166   
Age      
 ≤ 5 years 50.48 Ref   Ref  
 > 5 years 33.00 0.65 (0.47–0.92) 0.014 0.71 (0.52–0.97) 0.034
RBG (mmol/L)      
 < 5 39.00 Ref    
 ≥ 5 41.05 1.05 (0.75–1.49) 0.770   
Hb g/dL      
 ≤ 10 44.62 Ref    
 > 10 38.06 0.86 (0.60–1.21) 0.370   
BMI (kg/m2)      
 Normal 42.68 Ref    
 Underweight 45.45 1.07 (0.54–2.09) 0.855   
 Overweight 40.00 0.94 (0.53–1.65) 0.822   
 Obese 30.00 0.70 (0.27–1.85) 0.474   
Parasite density (parasite/µl)      
 Min–3999 12.77 Ref   Ref  
 4000–20,000 30.36 2.38 (1.02–5.55) 0.045 2.64 (1.12–6.21) 0.026
 20,001–Max 61.76 4.84 (2.25–10.39) 0.000 4.75 (2.20–10.25) 0.000
Temp. in °C      
 < 37.0 26.32 Ref   Ref  
 37.0–37.9 47.83 1.82 (1.01–3.27) 0.046 1.62 (0.95–2.78) 0.077
 ≥ 38.0 42.71 1.62 (0.91–2.90) 0.103 1.32 (0.05–0.24) 0.318