Skip to main content

Table 3 Factors associated with DM among TB patients in North Western Ethiopia

From: Diabetes mellitus and HIV infection among active tuberculosis patients in Northwest Ethiopia: health facility-based cross-sectional study

Characteristics Total (%) DMTB (%) Crude OR (95% CI) p value aOR (95% CI) p value
Address
 Rural 179 (66.5) 26 (83.9) 2.89 [1.07–7.79] 0.036 3.13 [1.02–9.62] 0.046
 Urban 90 (33.5) 5 (16.1) 1   1  
Age in years
 18–34 134 (49.8) 10 (32.3) 1  
 > 34 135 (50.2) 21 (67.7) 2.28 [1.3–5.06] 0.042
TB category
 Smear positive 33 (12.3) 1 (3.2) 0.27 [0.04–2.12] 0.214
 EPTB 165 (61.3) 17 (54.8) 1.95 [0.89–4.27] 0.094
 Smear negative 71 (26.4) 13 (41.9) 1  
Known family history of DM
 Yes 18 (6.7) 5 (16.1) 3.33 [1.09–10.08] 0.033 4.54 [1.31–15.68] 0.017
 No 251 (93.3) 26 (83.9) 1   1  
HIV test result
 Positive 59 (21.9) 12 (38.7) 2.57 [1.16–5.65] 0.019 5.11 [2.01–12.98] 0.001
 Negative 210 (78.1) 19 (61.3) 1   1  
BMI
 < 18.5 137 (50.9) 20 (64.5) 1.88 [0.86–4.09] 0.112
 18.5–25 132 (49.1) 11 (35.5) 1  
  1. aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio, BMI body mass index, EPTB extra-pulmonary TB, DM diabetes mellitus, TB tuberculosis, DMTB diabetic mellitus among tuberculosis