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Table 3 Multivariable logistic regression for factors associated with CHL domains

From: Communicative health literacy in patients with non-communicable diseases in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

  CHL domain
   Scale-6
FHI
Scale-5
NHS
Scale-4
AE
Scale-3
SS
Scale-2
AMH
Scale-1
HPS
Variables Category AOR (95% CI)      
Educational status Illiterate 1 1 1 1 1 1
Grades 1–8 2.34 (1.35, 4.05)* 1.45 (1.09, 2.43)** 1.4 (1.13, 1.65)** 1.14 (1.05, 1.85)* 1.69 (1, 2.85)* 0.74(0.42, 1.3)
Grades 9–12 2.68 (1.40, 5.14)* 2.28 (1.13, 4.28)** 1.94 (1.03, 3.65)** 2.12 (1.06, 4.25)** 2.32(1.26, 4.27)** 0.82 (0.4, 1.69)
College and above 5.84 (5.05, 7.89)* 3.23 (1.47, 7.09)* 1.75 (1.47, 3.63)** 2.97 (1.58, 5.58)** 3.87 (1.78, 8.45)** 1.01 (0.44, 2.34)
Number of information sources One information source 1 1 1 1 1 1
≥2 information sources 1.67 (1.0, 2.75)** 2.8 (1.75, 4.48)* 0.97 (0.58, 1.62) 1.42 (0.89, 2.28) 1.97 (1.22, 3.18)** 4.2 (2.68, 6.62)**
Monthly household income (1 USD=43.63 ETB) <10.72 USD 1 1 1 1 1 1
10.72–21.45 USD 1.57 (1.27, 2.25)** 1.17 (0.56, 2.36) 0.9 (0.46, 1.77) 0.99 (0.51, 1.9) 1.47 (1.23, 5.96)** .82 (0.41, 1.64)
>21.45 USD 1.78 (1.09, 3.23)** 2.55 (1.42, 4.59) 0.44 (0.25, 1.77) 0.62 (0.35, 1.1) 4.16 (1.66, 6.03)** 0.78 (0.43, 1.4)
Complication/s from NCDs No 1 1 1 1 1 1
yes 0.69 (0.36,0. 92)** 1.05 (0.64, 1.72) 1.25 (0.77, 2) 0.97 (0.6, 1.55) 1.2 (0.74, 1.98) 1.1 (0.67, 1.8)
Residence Rural 1 1 1 1 1 1
Urban 0.64 (0.38, 1.1) 0.91 (0.54, 1.54) 3.45 (2.28, 5.19)* 1.60 (1.03, 2.48)** 1.23 (0.75, 2.03) .676 (.43, 1.05)
Gender Male 1 1 1 1 1 1
Female 0.57 (0.36, 0.9) 0.70 (0.44, 1.11) 1.2 (0.78, 1.91) 1.1 (0.7, 1.7) 0.5 (0.32, 0.77)* 0.86 (0.55, 1.33)
Follow-up past 4 weeks No 1 1 1 1 1 1
Yes 0.96 (0.59, 1.55) 1.37 (0.86, 2.18) 1.41 (0.91, 2.2) 1.2 (0.79, 1.87) 0.94 (0.6, 1.5) 2.62 (1.40, 2.95)*
  1. NB: HPS, healthcare provider support; AMH, actively managing health; SS, social support; AE, active engagement; NHS, navigating healthcare system; FHI, finding health information; USD, United States Dollar; ETB, Ethiopian Birr
  2. *Statistically significant association at p-value<0.01
  3. **Statistically significant association at p-value<0.05
  4. 1—Reference category