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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression output for factors associated with utilization of deworming medication among married women: evidence from 26 SSA countries DHSs

From: Utilization of deworming medication and its associated factors among pregnant married women in 26 sub-Saharan African countries: a multi-country analysis

Variables Model I cOR [95% CI) P-value Model II aOR [95% CI) P-value
Age in years
 15–19 Ref   Ref  
 20–24 1.55 (1.17–2.05) 0.002 1.27 (0.91–1.78) 0.147
 25–29 2.09 (1.59–2.74) p<0.001 1.57 (1.13–2.18) 0.007
 30–34 1.99 (1.48–2.67) p<0.001 1.58 (1.10–2.28) 0.013
 35–39 1.91 (1.42–2.57) p<0.001 1.93 (1.32–2.84) 0.001
 40–44 1.84 (1.26–2.70) 0.002 1.92 (1.25–2.95) 0.003
 45–49 0.97 (0.59–1.60) 0.914 1.15 (0.63–2.11) 0.630
Women’s educational status
 No formal education Ref   Ref  
 Primary school 2.24 (1.84–2.73) p<0.001 1.03 (0.81–1.30) 0.791
 Secondary school 5.21 (4.15–6.54) p<0.001 1.04 (0.77–1.39) 0.786
 Higher 7.89 (4.73–13.16) p<0.001 1.00 (0.53–1.88) 0.992
Husband’s educational status
 No formal education Ref   Ref  
 Primary school 1.16 (0.91–1.47) 0.214 1.10 (0.86–1.40) 0.435
 Secondary school 3.40 (2.76–4.17) p<0.001 1.40 (1.11–1.77) 0.004
 Higher 6.02 (4.13–8.79) p<0.001 1.28 (0.86–1.91) 0.214
Women’s occupation
 Not working Ref   Ref  
 Professional/technical/managerial 1.44 (0.94–2.20) 0.085 0.86 (0.53–1.40) 0.554
 Agricultural 0.26 (0.21–0.33) p<0.001 0.85 (0.67–1.07) 0.181
 Manual 1.08 (0.72–1.62) 0.695 0.86 (0.54–1.36) 0.521
 Others 1.27 (1.03–1.57) 0.024 0.99 (0.78–1.25) 0.978
Wealth index
 Poorest Ref   Ref  
 Poorer 2.02 (1.54–2.65) p<0.001 1.32 (0.97–1.80) 0.071
 Middle 5.22 (3.87–7.04) p<0.001 1.77 (1.24–2.51) 0.001
 Richer 9.73 (7.11–13.31) p<0.001 2.39 (1.55–3.69) p<0.001
 Richest 14.90 (10.40–21.35) p<0.001 3.12 (1.95–4.99) p<0.001
Media exposure
 No Ref   Ref  
 Yes 4.77 (3.96–5.76) p<0.001 1.46 (1.18–1.80) p<0.001
Family size
 <5 Ref   Ref  
 5+ 1.28 (1.09–1.49) 0.002 1.13 (0.93–1.39) 0.197
Place of residence
 Urban Ref   Ref  
 Rural 0.20 (0.16–0.26) p<0.001 0.98 (0.74–1.30) 0.935
Barriers to healthcare services
 No Ref   Ref  
 Yes 0.60 (0.50–0.72) p<0.001 0.87 (0.72–1.07) 0.200
Religion
 Christian Ref   Ref  
 Muslim 1.08 (0.29–3.98) 0.897 1.73 (0.23–12.94) 0.592
 Others 0.51 (0.35–0.74) p<0.001 1.04 (0.71–1.51) 0.824
ANC follow-up
 No Ref   - -
 Yes 39.74 (26.60–59.37) p<0.001 - -
Timing of ANC visit
 >3 months Ref   Ref  
≤3 months 1.57 (1.32–1.86) p<0.001 1.09 (0.91–1.31) 0.303
Number of ANC visit
 <4 month Ref   Ref  
 ≥4 month 2.30 (1.92–2.76) p<0.001 1.51 (1.24–1.83) p<0.001
Wanted last birth
 Wanted then Ref   Ref  
 Wanted later 1.27 (1.08–1.51) 0.004 1.01 (0.83–1.22) 0.901
 Wanted no more 1.20 (0.87–1.64) 0.249 1.06 (0.75–1.48) 0.731
Wife beating attitude
 Agreed for wife beating Ref   Ref  
 Disagreed for wife beating 1.77 (1.49–2.11) p<0.001 1.19 (0.99–1.43) 0.056
Decision-making capacity
 No Ref   Ref  
 Yes 1.27 (1.07–1.52) 0.007 1.10 (0.90–1.35) 0.340
  1. Notes: Ref reference
  2. Hyphen (-) indicates not included variable at model II due to small proportion of subgroups