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Table 2 Frequency distribution of study participants and deworming distribution across explanatory variables: evidence from 26 sub-Saharan African countries DHSs

From: Utilization of deworming medication and its associated factors among pregnant married women in 26 sub-Saharan African countries: a multi-country analysis

Variables Number (weighted %) Deworming medication (weighted %) Chi-square, P-value
No Yes
Age in years     χ2=75.01, p<0.001
 15–19 17,193 (7.86) 62.99 37.01  
 20–24 44,508 (19.88) 52.28 47.72  
 25–29 55,243 (21.60) 44.80 55.20  
 30–34 47,557 (16.88) 46.00 54.00  
 35–39 40,591 (14.56) 47.03 52.97  
 40–44 29,250 (11.73) 47.94 52.06  
 45–49 22,617 (7.51) 63.62 36.38  
Women’s educational status     χ2=615.81, p<0.001
 No formal education 112,216 (27.46) 69.86 30.14  
 Primary school 80,241 (38.90) 50.82 49.18  
 Secondary school 54,423 (29.65) 30.77 69.23  
 Higher 10,069 (3.98) 22.70 77.30  
Husband’s educational status     χ2=571.32, p<0.001
 No formal education 96,580 (21.13) 66.22 33.78  
 Primary school 62,425 (26.62) 62.78 37.22  
 Secondary school 67,653 (44.91) 36.57 63.43  
 Higher 19,207 (7.34) 24.54 75.46  
Women’s occupation     χ2=662.67, p<0.001
 Not working 58,510 (25.30) 42.32 57.68  
 Professional/technical/managerial 9,517 (5.41) 33.64 66.36  
 Agricultural 79,991 (29.67) 73.21 26.79  
 Manual 16,683 (3.39) 40.35 59.65  
 Others 74,493 (36.23) 36.48 63.52  
Wealth index     χ2=1187.29, p<0.001
 Poorest 58,177 (17.92) 80.63 19.37  
 Poorer 53,642 (20.66) 67.28 32.72  
 Middle 50,997 (20.72) 44.33 55.67  
 Richer 48,109 (20.59) 29.96 70.04  
 Richest 46,034 (20.11) 21.83 78.17  
Media exposure     χ2=703.03, p<0.001
 No 115,882 (28.22) 74.96 25.04  
 Yes 140,589 (71.78) 38.51 61.49  
Family size     χ2= 20.43, p<0.01
 <5 78,802 (33.09) 53.6 46.40  
 5+ 178,157 (66.91) 47.41 52.59  
Religion     χ2=40.13, p<0.001
 Christian 145,994 (93.53) 48.23 51.77  
 Muslim 100,493 (0.36) 46.09 53.91  
 Others 10,885 (6.11) 64.36 35.64  
ANC follow-up     χ2=1257.17, p<0.001
 No 21,703 (18.33) 96.17 3.83  
 Yes 159,944 (81.67) 38.73 61.27  
Timing of first ANC     χ2=60.41, p<0.001
 >3 months 98,455 (51.38) 43.93 56.07  
 ≤3 months 61,501 (48.62) 33.23 66.77  
Number of ANC visit     χ2=162.01, p<0.001
 <4 months 68,864 (24.89) 53.94 46.06  
 ≥4 months 91,080 (75.11) 33.69 66.31  
Wanted last birth     χ2=20.00, p<0.05
 Wanted then 134,087 (66.01) 51.26 48.74  
 Wanted later 30,712 (27.97) 45.11 54.89  
 Wanted no more 10,340 (6.02) 46.67 53.33  
Decision making capacity     χ2=22.02, p<0.01
 No 146,584 (34.59) 53.21 46.79  
 Yes 100,136 (65.41) 47.07 52.93  
Wife beating attitude     χ2=107.32, p<0.001
 Agreed for wife beating 120,487 (28.60) 59.26 40.74  
 Disagreed for wife beating 126,324 (71.40) 45.04 54.96  
Barrier to healthcare services     χ2=82.83, p<0.001
 No 83,661 (30.50) 40.57 59.43  
 Yes 154,366 (69.50) 53.01 46.99  
Place of residence     χ2=801.94, p<0.001
 Urban 83,181 (64.71) 35.82 64.18  
 Rural 173,778 (35.29) 72.71 27.29