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Table 1 Epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of healthcare and non-healthcare workers COVID-19 inpatients in San Lazaro Hospital, January 2020 to October 2020

From: Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of the first 500 confirmed COVID-19 inpatients in a tertiary infectious disease referral hospital in Manila, Philippines

Characteristics Total (n = 500) HCW cases (n = 133) non-HCW (n = 367) p-value
Age (years)
 Mean (SD) 48 (17) 41 (11.5) 51 (18) < 0.001
 Median (IQR) 48 (34–61) 40 (31–50) 53 (38–64)  
Age group (years)
 0–10 years old 7 (1.4) 7 (1.9) < 0.001
 11–20 years old 9 (1.8) 9 (2.4)  
 21–40 years old 158 (31.6) 67 (50.4) 91 (24.8)  
 41–60 years old 195 (39.0) 58 (43.6) 137 (37.3)  
 61–80 years old 115 (23.0) 8 (6.0) 107 (29.2)  
 80+ years old 16 (3.2) 16 (4.4)  
Sex
 Female 221 (44.2) 63 (47.4) 158 (43.0) 0.390
 Male 279 (55.8) 70 (52.6) 209 (57.0)  
Nationality
 Filipino 498 (99.6) 133 (100.0) 365 (99.5) 1.000
 Chinese 2 (0.4) 2 (0.5)  
Exposure history
 International travel history within 14 days prior to admission 9 (1.8) 0 9 (2.4) < 0.001
 Exposed to a confirmed case 21 (4.2) 10 (7.5) 11 (3.0)  
 Risk of exposure in workplace 105 (21.0) 96 (72.2) 9 (2.4)  
 No identified exposure 365 (73.0) 27 (20.3) 339 (92.1)  
Reported symptoms
 Fever 281 (56.2) 54 (40.6) 227 (61.8) < 0.001
 Cough 381 (76.2) 80 (60.1) 301 (82.0) < 0.001
 Colds 142 (28.4) 51 (38.3) 91 (24.8) 0.003
 Difficulty of breathing 185 (37.0) 18 (13.5) 167 (45.5) < 0.001
 Headache 22 (4.4) 4 (3.0) 18 (4.9) 0.464
 Malaise/fatigue 45 (9.0) 6 (4.5) 39 (10.6) 0.034
 Diarrhoea 34 (6.8) 5 (3.8) 29 (7.9) 0.112
 Anosmia 37 (7.4) 6 (4.5) 31 (8.4) 0.176
 Ageusia 33 (6.6) 6 (4.5) 27 (7.4) 0.312
 Loss of appetite 23 (4.6) 0 23 (6.3) 0.001
Co-morbidities
 Hypertension 177 (35.4) 37 (27.8) 140 (38.1) 0.033
 Diabetes 87 (17.4) 13 (9.8) 74 (20.2) 0.007
 Bronchial asthma 22 (4.4) 7 (5.3) 15 (4.1) 0.622
 HIV 6 (1.3) 0 6 (1.6) 0.349
 Cardiac disease 20 (4.0) 3 (2.3) 17 (4.6) 0.306
 Tuberculosis (any form) 41 (8.2) 4 (3.0) 37 (10.1) 0.009
 At least one underlying disease 258 (51.6) 53 (40.0) 205 (55.9) 0.002
Clinical status
 Asymptomatic 0 0 0 < 0.001
 Mild 136 (27.2) 63 (47.4) 73 (19.9)  
 Moderate 162 (32.4) 56 (42.1) 106 (28.9)  
 Severe 121 (24.2) 7 (5.3) 113 (31.1)  
 Critical 70 (14.0) 7 (5.3) 63 (17.2)  
Intubated 29 (5.8) 0 29 (100.0) < 0.001
Duration between the onset of symptoms and admission
 Mean (SD) 7 (13) 6 (3.5) 8 (15) < 0.001
 Median (IQR) 6 (4–9) 5.5 (4–8) 7 (5–10)  
 0–14 days 448 (89.6) 126 (96.9) 322 (87.8) 0.016
 15–30 days 39 (7.8) 4 (3.1) 35 (9.5)  
 > 30 days 6 (1.2) 6 (1.6)  
Hospitalisation days
 Mean (SD) 12 (8) 11 (5) 12 (9) 0.340
 Median (IQR) 10 (7–14) 10 (7–12) 10 (7–15)  
Other diagnoses
 Pneumonia 202 (40.4) 21 (16.0) 181 (49.3) < 0.001
 Upper respiratory tract infection 24 (4.8) 9 (6.8) 15 (4.1) 0.238
 Acute gastroenteritis 13 (2.6) 3 (2.3) 10 (2.7) 1.000
 Acute respiratory distress syndrome 52 (10.4) 4 (3.0) 48 (13.1) 0.001
Ct-value distribution   n = 105 N = 227 0.317
  11–20 5 (1.5) 2 (1.9) 3 (1.3)  
  21–30 98 (30.0) 37 (35.2) 63 (27.7)  
  31–40 222 (67.9) 66 (62.9) 159 (70.0)  
  > 40 2 (0.6) 2 (0.9)  
Outcome
 Died 61 (12.2) 1 (0.7) 60 (16.3) < 0.001
 Discharged 439 (87.8) 132 (99.3) 307 (83.6)