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Table 3 Multivariable logistic regression analysis of factors associated with institutional delivery in Sub-Saharan Africa countries from 2013 to 2017

From: Determinants of institutional delivery in Sub-Saharan Africa: findings from Demographic and Health Survey (2013–2017) from nine countries

Variable Institutional delivery
Odds ratio 95% confidence interval
Residence
 Urban 1  
 Rural 0.44* 0.41–0.48
Women education
 No education 1  
 Primary 1.98* 1.85–2.12
 Secondary and above 3.17* 2.88–3.50
Age of women in years
 15–24 1  
 25–34 1.01 0.94–1.09
 35–49 1.17* 1.05–1.29
Number of living children
 0–4 1  
 Five and above 0.61* 0.56–0.66
Women occupation
 Housewife 1  
 Employed 1.34* 1.26–1.43
Sex of household head
 Male 1  
 Female 1.14* 1.05–1.23
Wealth index
 Poor 1  
 Middle 1.36* 1.26–1.47
 Rich 2.15* 1.97–2.35
Number of ANC visit
 No antenatal visits 1  
 1–3 2.03* 1.88–2.18
 Four and above 2.98* 2.77–3.22
Husbands education
 No education 1  
 Primary 1.32* 1.23–1.42
 Secondary and above 1.22* 1.12–1.32
Distance to a health facility
 Big problem 1  
 Not a big problem 1.18* 1.11–1.25
Marital status
 Married 1  
 Others** 1.33* 1.24–1.43
Media exposure
 Not exposed 1  
 Exposed to mass media 1.28* 1.20–1.36
Country
 Democratic Republic of Congo 1  
 Ethiopia 0.18* 0.16–0.20
 Ghana 0.69* 0.62–0.77
 Malawi 4.21* 3.60–4.92
 Namibia 1.67* 1.47–1.90
 Rwanda 3.23* 2.80–3.73
 Tanzania 0.52* 0.47–0.58
 Senegal 0.82* 0.74–0.92
 Zambia 0.76* 0.68–0.85
  1. *Significant association
  2. **Single, widowed, divorced