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Table 2 Relationship between correlates and place of delivery in nine Sub-Saharan Africa

From: Determinants of institutional delivery in Sub-Saharan Africa: findings from Demographic and Health Survey (2013–2017) from nine countries

Variable Place of delivery Total p value
Home Institutional delivery
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Residence
 Urban 823(10.2) 8252(36.3) 9075(29) < 0.001
 Rural 7,211(89.8) 14,501(63.7) 21,712(71)
Women education
 No education 4048(50.4) 4545(20.0) 8593(28) < 0.001
 Primary 3113(38.7) 10,187(44.8) 13,300(43)
 Secondary and above 873(10.9) 8021(35.2) 8894(29)
Age of women in years
 15–24 1981(24.7) 6539(28.7) 8520(28) < 0.001
 25–34 3840(47.8) 10,986(48.3) 14,826(48)
 35–49 2213(27.5) 5228(23.0) 7441(24)
Number of living children
 0–4 4930(61.4) 17,834(78.4) 22,764(74) < 0.001
 Five and above 3104(38.6) 4919(21.6) 8023(26)
Women occupation
 No 3451(43.0) 7722(34.0) 11,173(36) < 0.001
 Yes 4583(57.0) 15,031(56.0) 19,614(64)
Sex of household head
 Male 6488(80.8) 17,227(75.7) 23,715(77) < 0.001
 Female 1546(19.2) 5526(24.3) 7072(23)
Wealth index
 Poor 5637(70.2) 9233(40.6) 14,870(48) < 0.001
 Middle 1377(17.1) 4607(20.2) 5984(19)
 Rich 1020(12.7) 8913(39.2) 9933(32)
Number of ANC visit
 No antenatal visits 2884(36.0) 3193(14.0) 6077(20) < 0.001
 1–3 2725(33.9) 7,469(32.8) 10,194(33)
 4 and above 2425(30.1) 12,091(53.2) 14,516(47)
Husbands education
 No education 3644(45.4) 6382(28.0) 10,026(33) < 0.001
 Primary 2788(34.7) 7939(35.0) 10,727(35)
 Secondary and above 1602(19.9) 8432(37.0) 10,034(32)
Distance to a health facility
 Big problem 5280(65.7) 12,503(55.0) 17,783(58) < 0.001
 Not a big problem 2754(34.3) 10,250(45.0) 13,004(42)
Marital status
 Married 6311(78.6) 15,436(67.8) 21,747(71) < 0.001
 Others* 1723(21.4) 7317(32.2) 9040(29)
Media exposure
 Not exposed 4494(56.0) 8251(36.3) 12,745(41) < 0.001
 Exposed to mass media 3540(44.0) 14,501(63.7) 18,041(59)
  1. *Single, widowed, divorced