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Table 5 Meta-regression of selected predictors to the incidence of tuberculosis among HIV-positive patients in Ethiopia (2010–2019)

From: Incidence and predictors of tuberculosis among HIV patients after initiation of antiretroviral treatment in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study level variables Low CD4 count Not using IPT
HR with 95% CI I2 Tau2 Adj. R2 HR with 95% CI I2 Tau2 Adj. R2
Study population
 Children Ref.        
 Adults 2.12 [1.17, 3.86] 90.6% 0.28 0 2.94 [0.50, 17.02] 71.4% 0.52 25.97%
Study setting
 Health facility-based Ref.        
 Hospital based 0.96 [0.21, 4.44] 92.6% 0.36 26.5% 0.31 [0.06, 1.63] 69.2% 0.44 37.93%
Follow-up time (years)
 ≤ 5 Ref.        
 > 5 2.18 [0.73, 6.50] 78.4% 0.15 46.05% 0.53 [0.06, 5.08] 68.4% 0.68 3.61%