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Table 2 Incidence of tuberculosis in people with HIV in Ethiopia: subgroup meta-analysis and heterogeneity analysis

From: Incidence and predictors of tuberculosis among HIV patients after initiation of antiretroviral treatment in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Subgroup types Observation (N) IR per 100 PYO 95%CI I2 (%) Q-statistic Tau2 Df P value
Study setting  
 Hospital based 8 4.7 [3.46,5.97] 93.3 104.9 2.95 7 P < 0.0001
 Facility based 3 5.0 [1.92,8.01] 96.8 63.4 6.95 2 P < 0.0001
Study population  
 Children 4 4.3 [2.96,5.71] 83.7 18.5 1.61 3 P < 0.0001
 Adults 7 5.0 [3.51,6.50] 95.9 148.1 3.77 6 P < 0.0001
Follow-up period (months)  
 Less than or equal to 60 8 5.1 [3.64,6.46] 94.7 132.8 5.80 7 P < 0.0001
 Greater than 60 3 4.1 [1.87,6.27] 94.1 34.0 3.53 2 P < 0.0001