Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic characteristics and daily life habits of the study participants (n = 338)

From: Factors associated with self-rated health among mineworkers in Zambia: a cross-sectional study

  Regular employees (n = 213) Contract employees (n = 125) P value
Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
n % n %
Age (years) 39.4 (8.1) 36.1 (9.0) 0.001a
Educational status
 Did not complete high school 22 10.5 20 16.0 0.523b
 Completed high school 102 48.6 53 42.4  
 Completed college/university 86 41.0 52 41.6  
Religion
 Roman Catholic 55 26.6 35 28.5 0.280
 Protestant/other Christian 138 66.7 74 60.2  
 Muslim/others 14 6.8 14 11.4  
Marital status
 Single/not living with a partner 18 8.6 45 36.6 < 0.001
 Married/living with a partner 192 91.4 79 63.7  
Smoking
 No 199 93.9 112 90.3 0.232
 Yes 13 6.1 12 9.7  
Alcohol consumption
 No 115 55.0 54 43.5 0.043
 Yes 94 45.0 70 56.5  
Playing sports as leisure/exercise
 No 34 16.1 26 20.8 0.278
 Yes 177 83.9 99 79.2  
  1. A t testa, chi-square test, or Cochran-Armitage testb was conducted
  2. Missing values were excluded from the analysis