Skip to main content

Table 1 Percentage distribution of characteristics of respondents in 2000, 2005, 2011, and 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys

From: Residential inequality and spatial patterns of infant mortality in Ethiopia: evidence from Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys

Variables EDHS 2000 (%) (N = 12,260) EDHS 2005 (%) (N = 11,163) EDHS 2011 (%) (N = 11,872) EDHS 2016 (%) (N = 11,022)
Region
 Tigray 788 (6.4) 698 (6.3) 753 (6.3) 716 (6.5)
 Afar 126 (1.0) 107 (1.0) 121 (1.0) 114 (1.0)
 Amhara 3202 (26.1) 2621 (23.5) 2656 (22.4) 2072 (18.8)
 Oromia 4999 (40.8) 4411 (39.5) 5014 (42.2) 4851 (44.0)
 Somali 142 (1.2) 477 (4.3) 364 (3.1) 507 (4.6)
 Benishangul 124 (1.0) 105 (0.9) 140 (1.2) 122 (1.1)
 SNNPRs 2602 (21.2) 2500 (22.4) 2494 (21.0) 2296 (20.8)
 Gambella 29 (0.2) 31 (0.3) 40 (0.3) 27 (0.2)
 Harari 25 (0.2) 22 (0.2) 29 (0.2) 26 (0.2)
 Addis Ababa 182 (1.5) 153 (1.4) 221 (1.9) 244 (2.2)
 Dire Dawa 40 (0.3) 37 (0.3) 39 (0.3) 47 (0.4)
Place of residence
 Urban 1276 (10.4) 815 (7.3) 1528 (12.9) 1215 (11.0)
 Rural 10,984 (89.6) 10,348 (92.7) 10,344 (87.1) 9807 (89.0)
Religion
 Orthodox 6042 (49.3) 4674 (41.9) 4519 (38.1) 3772 (34.2)
 Catholic 81 (0.7) 121 (1.1) 108 (0.9) 103 (0.9)
 Protestant 1959 (16.0) 2217 (19.9) 2758 (23.2) 2329 (21.1)
 Muslim 3713 (30.3) 3875 (34.7) 4214 (35.5) 4561 (41.4)
 Traditional 465 (3.8) 275 (2.5) 271 (2.3) 257 (2.3)
Age of women (in years)
 15–19 557 (4.6) 575 (5.2) 492 (4.1) 378 (3.4)
 20–24 2750 (22.4) 2243 (20.1) 2360 (19.9) 2068 (18.8)
 25–29 3297 (26.9) 3171 (28.4) 3798 (32.0) 3353 (30.4)
 30–34 2433 (19.8) 2301 (20.6) 2344 (19.7) 2489 (22.6)
 35–39 1839 (15.0) 1718 (15.4) 1822 (15.4) 1772 (16.1)
 40–44 991 (8.1) 787 (7.1) 785 (6.6) 723 (6.6)
 45–49 393 (3.2) 367 (3.3) 272 (2.3) 239 (2.2)
Maternal education
 No education 10,062 (82.1) 8838 (79.2) 8227 (69.3) 7284 (66.1)
 Primary 1597 (13.0) 1855 (16.6) 3211 (27.1) 2950 (26.8)
 Secondary 573 (4.7) 427 (3.8) 266 (2.2) 514 (4.7)
 Higher 28 (0.2) 43 (0.4) 168 (1.4) 274 (2.5)
Height/age
 Normal 7644 (62.4) 9149 (82.0) 6893 (58.1) 6624 (60.1)
 Moderately stunted 2292 (18.7) 980 (8.8) 2258 (19.0) 1802 (16.4)
 Severely stunted 2324 (19.0) 1034 (9.2) 2721 (22.9) 2596 (23.6)
Weight/age
 Normal 7937 (64.7) 9487 (85.0) 7288 (61.4) 6998 (63.5)
 Moderately underweight 2837 (23.1) 1192 (10.7) 2615 (22.0) 2146 (19.5)
 Severely underweight 1486 (12.2) 484 (4.3) 1969 (16.6) 1879 (17.0)
Weight/height
 Normal 11,091 (90.5) 10,701 (95.7) 9896 (83.4) 8931 (81.0)
 Moderately wasted 1025 (8.3) 368 (3.3) 758 (6.4) 686 (6.2)
 Severely wasted 144 (1.2) 94 (0.8) 1218 (10.3) 1406 (12.8)
Media exposure
 No 8932 (72.9) 7017 (62.9) 6988 (58.9) 7375 (66.9)
 Yes 3328 (27.1) 4146 (37.1) 4884 (41.1) 3647 (33.1)
Preceding birth interval
 < 24 months 1950 (15.9) 2246 (20.1) 1963 (16.5) 1942 (17.6)
 ≥ 24 months 10,310 (84.1) 8917 (79.9) 9909 (83.5) 9080 (82.4)
Parity
 Less than 4 6821 (55.6) 6139 (55.0) 6893 (58.1) 6270 (56.9)
 5 up to 8 births 4291 (35.0) 4027 (36.1) 4039 (34.0) 3999 (36.3)
 Greater than 8 births 1148 (9.4) 997 (8.9) 940 (7.9) 753 (6.8)