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Table 1 Socio-demographics of households and under-five children characteristics, EDHS 2005–2016

From: Place of food cooking is associated with acute respiratory infection among under-five children in Ethiopia: multilevel analysis of 2005–2016 Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey data

Characteristics Survey year, N (%) Total
2005 2011 2016 N (%)
Residence
 Urban 762 (7.0) 1427 (12.5) 1149 (10.7) 3338 (10.1)
 Rural 10,075 (93.0) 9982 (87.5) 9559 (89.3) 29616 (89.9)
Stunting
 Normal 2222 (50.2) 6210 (58.6) 5987 (61.9) 14420 (58.4)
 Stunted 2208 (49.8) 4397 (41.5) 3679 (38.1) 10283 (41.6)
Weight
 Normal 2222 (50.2) 7747 (73.0) 7368 (76.0) 17337 (70.1)
 Underweight 2208 (49.8) 2860 (27.0) 2327 (24.0) 7395 (29.9)
Wasting
 Normal 2222 (50.2) 9637 (90.9) 8710 (89.9) 20569 (83.2)
 Wasted 2208 (49.8) 971 (9.2) 978 (10.1) 4156 (16.8)
Breast feeding
 Never 380 (3.5) 332 (2.9) 520 (4.9) 1231 (3.8)
 Ever 10,302 (96.5) 11,028 (97.1) 10,189 (95.2) 31519 (96.2)
Child age in years
 0 years 2211 (22.0) 2324 (21.5) 2243 (21.9) 6778 (21.8)
 1 years 1869 (18.6) 1878 (17.4) 1966 (19.2) 5713 (18.4)
 2 years 1875 (18.7) 2016 (18.7) 1911 (18.7) 5803 (18.7)
 3 years 2081 (20.7) 2342 (21.7) 1973 (19.3) 6396 (20.6)
 4 years 2000 (19.9) 2229 (20.7) 2150 (21.0) 6379 (20.5)
Size of child
 Very small 2411 (22.3) 2191 (19.3) 1890 (17.8) 6492 (19.8)
 Smaller than average 1013 (9.4) 1451 (12.8) 1491 (14.0) 3954 (12.1)
 Average 4343 (40.2) 4365 (38.4) 4457 (42.0) 13165 (40.2)
 Larger than average 792 (7.3) 1005 (8.8) 1072 (10.1) 2868 (8.8)
 Very large 2237 (20.7) 2357 (20.7) 1712 (16.1) 6307 (19.2)
Education of father
 No education 6322 (58.9) 5651 (50.2) 4866 (48.2) 16839 (52.5)
 Primary 3256 (30.4) 4722 (42.0) 4028 (39.9) 12006 (37.4)
 Secondary 1041 (9.7) 530 (4.7) 771 (7.6) 2342 (7.3)
 Higher 109 (1.0) 351 (3.1) 438 (4.3) 898 (2.8)
Occupation of father
 Did Not Work 46 (0.43) 93 (0.8) 781 (7.7) 920 (2.9)
 Professional 170 (1.6) 325 (2.9) 402 (4.0) 896 (2.8)
 Sales 547 (5.1) 867 (7.7) 677 (6.7) 2091 (6.6)
 Agriculture 9468 (88.3) 9057 (80.3) 6719 (66.4) 25244 (79.4)
 Service 60 (0.6) 162 (1.4) 267 (2.6) 489 (1.7)
 Skilled 245 (2.3) 591 (5.2) 549 (5.4) 1385 (4.4)
 Unskilled 178 (1.7) 116 (1.0) 364 (3.6) 658 (2.1)
 Other 15 (0.1) 69 (0.6) 359 (3.6) 443 (1.4)
Occupation of mother
 Did not work 7671 (70.9) 5306 (46.9) 5975 (55.8) 18953 (57.5)
 Sales 764 (7.1) 1860 (16.5) 1234 (11.5) 3858 (11.7)
 Agriculture 2042 (18.9) 3106 (27.5) 2398 (22.4) 7546 (22.9)
 Skilled 154 (1.4) 790 (7.0) 395 (3.7) 1339 (4.1)
 Other 187 (1.7) 147 (2.2) 706 (6.6) 1139 (3.5)
Education of mother
 No education 8595 (79.3) 7961 (69.8) 7105 (66.4) 23661 (71.8)
 Primary 1801 (16.6) 3058 (26.8) 2864 (26.8) 7724 (23.4)
 Secondary 400 (3.7) 237 (2.1) 490 (4.6) 1127 (3.4)
 Higher 42 (0.4) 153 (1.3) 248 (2.3) 442 (1.3)
Age of mothers
 15–19 537 (5.0) 447 (3.9) 353 (3.3) 1337 (4.1)
 20–24 2146 (19.8) 2247 (19.7) 2001 (18.7) 6395 (19.4)
 25–29 3109 (28.7) 3685 (32.3) 3262 (30.5) 10,056 (30.5)
 30–34 2270 (21.0) 2285 (20.0) 2443 (22.8) 6998 (21.2)
 35–39 1666 (15.4) 1741 (15.3) 1713 (16.0) 5120 (15.5)
 40–44 768 (7.1) 743 (6.5) 705 (6.6) 2217 (6.7)
 45–49 341 (3.1) 260 (2.3) 230 (2.2) 830 (2.5)
Listening radio in the last week
 Not at all 7049 (65.1) 5728 (50.2) 7894 (73.7) 20671 (62.7)
 Twice a week 2601 (24.0) 3658 (32.1) 1386 (12.9) 7645 (23.2)
 Three times a week 326 (3.0) 2015 (17.7) 1428 (13.3) 3769 (11.4)
 Almost everyday 860 (7.9)    860 (2.6)
Watching television in the last week
 Not at all 9931 (93.2) 7699 (67.6) 8814 (82.3) 26443 (80.3)
 Twice a week 652 (6.1) 2,750 (24.1) 1,031 (9.6) 4433 (13.5)
 Three times a week 69 (0.7) 944 (8.3) 863 (8.1) 1876 (5.7)
Toilet type
 Improved 574 (5.3) 1393 (12.4) 1044 (9.8) 3011 (9.2)
 Unimproved 10,224 (94.7) 9878 (87.6) 9597 (90.2) 29699 (90.8)
Water source
 Improved 6156 (57.0) 5188 (46.1) 5994 (64.3) 17338 (55.3)
 Unimproved 4639 (43.0) 6074 (53.9) 3325 (35.7) 14038 (44.7)