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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of women who gave birth in the preceding 5 years before the survey in Ethiopia, 2016 (n = 11,022)

From: Determinants of high-risk fertility behavior among reproductive-age women in Ethiopia using the recent Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey: a multilevel analysis

Variable High-risk fertility problem Total (%) X-square value p value
Yes No
Residence
 Rural 808 407 1215 (11.03) 81.55 < 0.001
 Urban 7809 2197 9807 (88.97)
Age group
 15–24 1779 666 2445 (22.19) 644.08 < 0.001
 25–34 4025 1817 5842 (53.00)
 35–49 121 2613 2734 (24.81)
Religion
 Orthodox 2231 851 3082 (34.22) 87.82 < 0.001
 Muslim 1048 4394 5442 (41.38)
 Protestant 1385 477 1862 (22.13)
 Others 200 55 255 (3.27)
Maternal education
 No education 5527 1311 6837 (66.08) 152.37 < 0.001
 Primary education 1918 760 2678 (26.77)
 Secondary 500 234 734 (4.66)
 Higher 265 126 391(2.49)
Marital status
 Married 7833 2423 10257 (93.1) 111 < 0.001
 Single 284 481 765 (6.90)
Husband education
 No education 3965 1090 5076 (47.82) 235 < 0.001
 Primary education 3103 1012 4115 (39.34)
 Secondary 572 226 798 (7.63)
 Higher 314 156 471 (4.05)
Maternal occupation
 Had occupation 3715 1180 4895 (44.42) 9.85 0.002
 Had no occupation 4702 1424 6126 (55.58)
Wealth index
 Poor 4049 1106 5155 (46.78) 89.67 < 0.001
 Middle 1736 542 2279 (20.68)
 Rich 2630 955 3586 (32.54)
Media exposed
 Yes 622 304 987(8.96) 88.27 < 0.001
 No 7794 2240 10035(91.04)
Sex of child
 Male 4404 1320 5724(51.94) 1.62 0.202
 Female 4013 1284 5297(48.06)