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Table 2 Risk factors of neonatal hypoglycemia in Northern Uganda

From: Prevalence and factors associated with neonatal hypoglycemia in Northern Uganda: a community-based cross-sectional study

  Bivariable Multivariable
  Unadjusted mean difference (95 mg/dl% CI) Adjusted mean difference (95% CI)
Intervention group
 Control 0 0
 Intervention − 1.6 (− 4.1, 0.84) − 1.2 (− 3.4, 0.99)
Maternal hyperglycemia
 No 0 0
 Yes − 0.61 (− 7.5, 6.3) − 0.22 (− 7.2, 6.7)
Age of neonate
 > 3 days   0
 ≤ 3 days − 12.9 (− 14.5, − 11.2) − 12.2 (− 14.0, − 10.4)
Maternal antenatal BMI
 < 18.5 1.1 (− 8.9, 11.0) 1.1 (− 8.0, 10.2)
 18.5-24.9 0 0
 25-29.9 0.37 (− 2.2, 2.9) 1.7 (− 0.96, 4.3)
 ≥ 30 − 0.56 (− 7.3, 6.2) − 0.37 (− 7.3, 6.6)
Low birth weight (less than 2.5 kg)
 No 0 0
 Yes − 0.76 (− 4.6, 3.1) 0.48 (− 3.1, 4.1)
Bathed baby before visit
 No 0 0
 Yes 4.8 (3.0, 6.6) 2.3 (0.46, 4.2)
Breastfeeding initiation
 Early 0 0
 Late − 2.4 (− 4.2, 0.57) − 2.6 (− 4.4, − 0.79)
Maternal complications during pregnancy
 No 0 0
 Yes 1.1 (− 0.65, 2.9) − 1.2 (− 3.5, 1.1)
Neonatal hypothermia
 No 0 0
 Yes − 1.4 (− 3.8, 1.1) − 1.2 (− 3.5, 1.1)
Age of mother
 ≤ 19 0 0
 20-30 1.6 (− 0.50, 3.7) 0.76 (− 1.3, 2.9)
 > 30 0.30 (− 2.2, 2.9) − 0.02 (− 2.8, 2.7)
Mother’s education
 None 0 0
 Primary 1.2 (− 1.4, 3.8) 0.60 (− 2.1, 3.3)
 ≥ Secondary 1.7 (− 2.1, 5.5) 1.0 (− 3.0, 5.0)
Place of birth
 Health facility 0 0
 Home 1.3 (− 0.65, 3.1) − 0.20 (− 2.2, 1.8)
Wealth quintiles
 1 (poorest) 0 0
 2 − 0.72 (− 3.3, 1.9) − 0.63 (− 3.2, 2.0)
 3 − 1.4 (− 4.2, 1.4) − 1.7 (− 4.4, 1.1)
 4 − 0.52 (− 2.4, 3.4) 0.11 (− 2.8, 3.0)
 5 (richest) − 0.30 (− 3.1, 2.5) − 0.93 (− 3.8, 1.9)