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Table 4 Factors associated with microalbuminuria

From: Renal abnormalities and its associated factors among school-aged children living in Schistosoma mansoni endemic communities in Northwestern Tanzania

  Microalbuminuria Univariate OR [95% CI] p value Multivariate OR [95% CI] p value
Variable Yes (n %) No (n %)
Age
 6–9 year 215 (53.3) 188 (46.7) 1.0    
 10–13 year 59 (56.7) 45 (43.3) 1.0 [0.9–1.2] 0.470 1.1 [0.6–1.6] 0.820
Sex
 Female 140 (55.1) 114 (44.9) 1.0    
 Male 134 (53.0) 119 (47.0) 0.9 [0.6–1.3] 0.627 0.8 [0.6–1.2] 0.357
Water source
 Lake water 115 (56.7) 88 (43.3) 1.0    
 Tap 159 (52.4) 145 (47.7) 0.8 [0.6–1.2] 0.336 0.9 [0.6–1.4] 0.762
Contact to lake within 1 week
 No 49 (61.2) 31 (38.8) 1.0    
 Yes 202 (47.3) 225 (52.7) 0.7 [0.4–1.1] 0.160 0.7 [0.4–1.2] 0.205
Schistosomiasis by cca
 No 93 (51.4) 88 (48.6) 1.0    
 Yes 181 (55.5) 145 (44.5) 1.2 [0.8–1.7] 0.370 1.2 [0.8–1.7] 0.442
RBCs in urine
 No RBCs 247 (52.6) 223 (447.4) 1.0    
 RBCs in urine 27 (73.0) 10 (27.0) 2.4 [1.2–5.2] 0.020 2.3 [1.1–4.9] 0.035
Malaria
 Negative 219 (52.3) 200 (47.7) 1.0    
 Positive 55 (62.5) 33 (37.5) 1.5 [1.0–2.4] 0.081 1.8 [1.0–2.9] 0.024
Nutrition status
 Normal 216 (53.1) 191 (46.9)     
 Moderate malnutrition 38 (57.6) 28 (42.4) 1.2 [0.7–2.0] 0.496 1.3 [0.7–2.1] 0.414
 Severe malnutrition 20 (58.8) 14 (41.2) 1.3 [0.6–2.6] 0.519 1.2 [0.6–2.6] 0.573
Haematobium
 Negative 268 (53.7) 231 (43.3) 1.0    
 Positive 6 (75.0) 2 (25.0) 2.6 [0.5–12.9] 0.246 2.5 [0.5–12.9] 0.278