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Table 5 Multivariable logistic regression analysis result of risk factors for CL positivity at BMH, Dessie town, north-central Ethiopia, November 2017–May 2018 (N = 354)

From: Cutaneous leishmaniasis in north-central Ethiopia: trend, clinical forms, geographic distribution, and determinants

VariableCategoriesnPos, n (%)AOR95% CIP value
Residence districtDessie town13780 (58.4)12.22.2–18.60.00*
Kutaber7946 (58.2)11.60.9–16.20.06
Other South Wollo areas179 (52.9)11.60.8–17.40.07
Tehulederie3417 (50.0)10.40.5–19.80.13
Delanta239 (39.1)10.20.5–18.50.13
Ambasel187 (38.9)6.90.5–10.30.15
South Wollo border areas154 (26.7)5.140.3–7.90.23
Dessie Zuria195 (26.3)2.20.1–6.50.62
Kalu122 (16.7)1.0
EducationNo formal schooling5234 (65.4)4.40.8–5.10.093
Primary school8945 (50.6)0.90.9–3.50.8
Secondary school14176 (53.9)1.20.2–3.50.8
Tertiary7224 (33.3)1.0
JobCivil servant5217 (32.7)1.0
Merchant5122 (43.1)2.30.4–15.60.33
Student197103 (52.3)2.50.4–14.70.28
Farmer5437 (68.5)3.10.5–11.40.31
Know what CL isYes8327 (32.5)1.0
No271152 (56.1)3.91.3–11.40.01*
Know CL transmissionYes345 (14.7)1.0
No320174 (54.9)3.40.9–13.70.08
Know factors related to CLYes325 (15.6)1.0
No322174 (54.0)2.70.6–12.30.21
Muddy-grassy houseYes11685 (73.3)4.21.7–10.50.00*
No23894 (39.5)1.0
House wall cracksYes183122 (66.7)3.21.4–7.00.00*
No17157 (33.3)1.0 
On-floor sleepingYes5336 (67.9)1.70.7–4.40.32
No301143 (47.5)1.0
Bed net useYes274 (14.8)1.0
No327175 (53.5)9.92.7–16.7< 0.01*
Sleeping under treeYes244147 (60.3)5.22.2–12.3< 0.01*
No11032 (29.1)1.0
Open sewage nearby houseYes5437 (67.5)2.50.9–6.90.06
No300142 (47.3)1.0
Irrigation nearby houseYes9384 (90.3)8.11.9–12.4< 0.01*
No26195 (36.4)1.0
Traveled to CL endemic areasYes5446 (85.2)13.94.4–14.3<0.01*
No300133 (44.3)1.000
Own dogs and other animalsYes248137 (55.2)2.2721.0–5.10.04*
No10642 (39.6)1.000
  1. n number, % per cent, Pos positive, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *Significant at p < 0.05