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Table 4 Univariable logistic regression analysis of potential determinants in relation to CL positivity at BMH, Dessie town, Northeast Ethiopia, November 2017–May 2018 (N = 354)

From: Cutaneous leishmaniasis in north-central Ethiopia: trend, clinical forms, geographic distribution, and determinants

VariableAlternativesNPos (%)COR95% CIP value
GenderMale216111 (51.4)0.90.6-1.40.69
Female13868 (49.3)1.0
Age (year)< 5243 (12.5)1.0
5–145216 (30.8)1.20.6–2.10.62
> 14278160 (57.6)1.50.9–2.60.07
ResidenceDessie town13780 (58.4)3.91.2–12.70.02
Kutaber7946 (58.2)3.81.1–13.10.03
Tehulederie3417 (50.0)2.80.7–10.30.13
Other South Wollo areas179 (52.9)3.10.7–13.70.13
Delanta239 (39.1)1.80.4–7.20.43
Ambasel187 (38.9)1.80.4–7.70.46
Dessie Zuria195 (26.3)0.90.2–4.60.98
South Wollo border areas154 (26.7)0.60.1–3.70.53
 Kalu122 (16.7)1.0
EducationNo formal schooling5234 (65.4)3.81.8–8.10.00
Primary school8945 (50.6)2.01.1–3.90.02
Secondary school14176 (53.9)2.31.3–4.20.00
Tertiary education7224 (33.3)1.0
JobCivil servant5217 (32.7)1.0
Farmer5437 (68.5)4.51.9–10.1< 0.01
Student197103 (52.3)2.31.2–4.30.01
Merchant5122 (43.1)1.60.7–3.50.27
Know what CL isYes8327 (32.5)1.0
No271152 (56.1)2.61.6–4.4< 0.01
Know CL transmissionYes345 (14.7)1.0 
No320174 (54.4)6.92.6–18.3< 0.01
Know factors related to CLYes325 (15.6)1.0 
No322174 (54.0)6.32.4–16.9< 0.01
Muddy-grassy housesYes11685 (73.3)4.22.6–6.8< 0.01
No23894 (39.5)1.0 
Wall cracksYes183122 (66.7)3.92.5–6.0< 0.01
No17157 (33.3)1.0 
Moist floorYes5336 (67.9)2.81.3–4.30.00
No301143 (47.5)1.0 
On-floor sleepingYes4742 (89.4)10.44.0–7.0< 0.01
No307137 (44.6)1.0
Bed net useYes274 (14.8)1.0
No327175 (53.5)6.62.2–9.60.01
Sleeping under treeYes3623 (63.9)1.80.9–3.80.09
No318156 (49.1)1.0
Open sewage nearby houseYes5437 (67.5)2.41.3–4.50.00
No300142 (47.3)1.0
Irrigation nearby houseYes9384 (90.3)16.37.8–13.9< 0.01
No26195 (36.4)1.0
Traveled to CL endemic areasYes5446 (85.2)7.23.3–15.8< 0.01
No300133 (44.3)1.0
Own dogs and other animalsYes248137 (55.4)1.91.2–2.90.00
No10642 (39.6)1.0
  1. Note: n number, Pos positive, COR crude odds ratio, CI confidence interval, significant at p < 0.05