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Table 3 Diarrhea prevalence by age group at baseline and follow-up

From: Evaluating the efficacy of point-of-use water filtration units in Fiji

Aggregation Timing Prevalence Odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)3
Household adults only1 Baseline 13.1% (66/503) 15.0 (5.9, 38.4)*** 18.6 (6.8, 51.0)***
Follow-up 1.0% (5/503) 1.0 1.0
Household children aged 6–17 years only2 Baseline 11.8% (30/254) 11.2 (3.3, 38.2)*** 13.6 (3.8, 49.2)***
Follow-up 1.2% (3/254) 1.0 1.0
Household children aged 0–5 years only2 Baseline 12.3% (20/163) 22.7 (2.9, 178.2)** 31.8 (3.6, 281.5)**
Follow-up 0.6% (1/163) 1.0 1.0
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
  2. 1Summarized as whether any adults in the household experienced diarrhea within the previous 2 weeks
  3. 2Summarized as whether any children in the household experienced diarrhea within the previous 2 weeks
  4. 3Adjusted for all variables in Table 1 plus an indicator variable for whether the water source changed, an indicator variable for whether the person answering the survey questions changed, and a variable indicating any change in the number of adults in the household