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Table 1 Clinical characteristics and diagnostic results among cases with suspected and confirmed Chagas disease

From: Chagas disease: a report of 17 suspected cases in Japan, 2012–2017

Case Year Sex Country of origin Presumed country of infection Clinical finding Diagnosis Serodiagnosis qPCR (parasites/mL) Culture Treatment
ICT ELISA
1 23 F Japan Ecuador (travel) Myocarditis Heart failure NA NA NA NA
2 52 F Japan Latin America (travel) Myopathy NA NA NA NA
3 50 M Brazil Brazil Cardiomyopathy NA NA NA NA
4 40 M Brazil Brazil Arrhythmia NA NA NA NA
5 47 M Brazil Brazil LVH NA NA NA NA
6 NA NA Japan Latin America (travel) Malaise NA NA NA NA
7 NA NA Japan Latin America (travel) Periorbital edema NA NA NA NA
8 50 M Brazil Brazil Cardiomyopathy Arrhythmia NA NA NA NA
9 69 M Peru Peru Myocarditis Heart failure NA NA NA NA
10 14 F Japan Peru (birth place) Myocarditis Heart failure NA NA NA NA
11 16 F Brazil Brazil Myocarditis Heart failure NA NA NA NA
12 13 F Japan Japan (congenital) Megacolon Chronic (digestive) + × 12,800 3.2 + Bez
13 49 M Bolivia Bolivia None Indeterminate + × 800 0.1 NA
14 55 F Brazil Brazil Heart failure Arrhythmia Chronic (cardiac) + × 12,800 Bez
15 52 F Bolivia Bolivia Arrhythmia Chronic (cardiac) + × 50 1.6 NA
16 64 F Brazil Brazil Heart failure Arrhythmia Chronic (cardiac) + × 64,00 NA
17 68 M Brazil Brazil Heart failure Chronic (cardiac) + × 1600 0.4 +
Arrhythmia
Ventricular
aneurysm
  1. M male, F female, NA not available, ICT immunochromatographic test, LVH left ventricular hypertrophy, Bez benznidazole