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Table 3 Determinants of staff knowledge levels on adverse medical events (n = 221)

From: Experiences of frontline nurses with adverse medical events in a regional referral hospital in northern Ghana: a cross-sectional study

Independent variables Univariate model 1 Univariate model 2 Univariate model 3 Univariate model 4
Type of AMEs Post exposure action AMEs recognition Overall knowledge
OR+ (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Professional category
 Auxiliary nurse 0.72 (0.43–1.19) 0.75 (0.45–1.23) 0.62 (0.37–1.03) 0.65 (0.40–1.05)
 Professional nurse Ref Ref Ref Ref
Age
 18–30 years 0.91 (0.48–1.75) 1.25 (0.66–2.37) 1.09 (0.58–2.06) 1.19 (0.65–2.20)
 31 years + Ref Ref Ref Ref
Gender
 Male 1.76 (1.05–2.94)* 1.75 (1.04–2.93)* 1.46 (0.87–2.44) 1.97 (1.19–3.25)*
 Female Ref Ref Ref Ref
Marital status
 Married 0.64 (0.37–1.10) 1.22 (0.70–2.10) 0.68 (0.39–1.17) 0.82 (0.49–1.38)
 Not married Ref Ref Ref Ref
Religion
 Christian 1.57(.96–2.60) 1.42 (0.86–2.32) 1.13 (0.68–1.88) 1.89 (1.17–3.06)*
 Moslem Ref Ref Ref Ref
Work experience
 5 years or less 0.64 (0.34–1.20) 0.79 (0.42–1.45) 0.59 (0.32–1.10) 0.57 (0.31–1.03)
 Over 5 years Ref Ref Ref Ref
Model statistics
 LR χ2 (6) 15.34 6.45 8.12 18.64
 Prob > χ2 0.0090 0.2648 0.1500 0.0022
 Pseudo R2 0.0247 0.0107 0.0131 0.0145
 Log likelihood − 302.24 − 298.52 − 305.66 − 635.37
  1. Source: field data (2018)
  2. Legend: OR (odds ratio); n (number of valid responses)
  3. *ordered logistic regression significant, p < 0.05
  4. +Odds ratios (OR) are all adjusted for possible confounding covariates (i.e., age, gender, marital status, religion, and work experience)