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Table 3 Association between demographic and clinical characteristics and T. vaginalis infection

From: Prevalence and the evaluation of culture, wet mount, and ELISA methods for the diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginalis infection among Ghanaian women using urine and vaginal specimens

Variables Negative Positive OR (95% CI) p value
Demographic characteristics
Age (years)
 < 20 25 (100) 0 (0.0) 1  
 21–30 88 (93.6) 6 (6.4) 3.75 (0.20–68.76) 0.374
 31–40 47 (94.0) 3 (6.0) 3.76 (0.19–75.63) 0.387
 41–50 11 (100.0) 0 (0.0)  
Marital status
 Single 59 (95.2) 3 (4.8) 1  
 Married 112 (94.9) 6 (5.1) 1.05 (0.25–4.36) 0.943
Educational level
 No formal education 8 (88.9) 1 (11.1) 1  
 Basic 87 (97.8) 2 (2.2) 0.18 (0.01–2.26) 0.186
 Secondary 48 (96.0) 2 (4.0) 0.33 (0.03–4.12) 0.392
 Tertiary 28 (87.5) 4 (12.5) 1.14 (0.11–11.72) 0.911
Residence
 Rural 13 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 1  
 Urban 158 (94.6) 9 (5.4) 1.62 (0.09–29.34) 0.745
Employment status
 Employed 52 (98.1) 1 (1.9) 1  
 Unemployed 119 (93.7) 8 (6.3) 3.50 (0.43–28.67) 0.244
Number of sexual partners
 0 4 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 1  
 1 145 (94.8) 8 (5.2) 0.53 (0.03–10.57) 0.675
 2 18 (94.7) 1 (5.3) 0.73 (0.03–21.06) 0.854
 3 4 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 1.00 (0.02–62.31) 1.000
Clinical characteristics
Odour
 No 134 (95.0) 7 (5.0) 1  
 Yes 37 (94.9) 2 (5.1) 1.03 (0.21–5.19) 0.967
Colour of vaginal sample
 Clear 55 (94.8) 3 (5.2) 1  
 Whitish 78 (97.5) 2 (2.5) 0.47 (0.08–2.91) 0.417
 Yellowish-green 38 (90.5) 4 (9.5) 1.93 (0.41–9.12) 0.407
Dysuria
 No 159 (95.2) 8 (4.8) 1  
 Yes 12 (92.3) 1 (7.7) 1.66 (0.19–14.36) 0.647
Itchiness
 No 108 (94.7) 6 (5.3) 1  
 Yes 63 (95.5) 3 (4.5) 0.86 (0.21–3.55) 0.832
Abdominal pain
 No 149 (96.8) 5 (3.2) 1  
 Yes 22 (84.6) 4 (15.4) 5.42 (1.35–21.73) 0.017
  1. Univariate logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association between demographic and clinical characteristics and T. vaginalis infection based on prevalence by the gold standard (HVS culture). p values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant (p values of significant variables in italics)
  2. OR odds ratio