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Table 3 Pathogen distribution among under-5 moderate-to-severe diarrheal children from the two types of tube well water user families

From: Relation of childhood diarrheal morbidity with the type of tube well used and associated factors of Shigella sonnei diarrhea in rural Bangladesh site of the Global Enteric Multicenter Study

Pathogen variables Shallow tube well water user (N = 663), n (%) Deep tube well water user (N = 731), n (%) Unadjusted ORs (95% CI) p value
Shigella spp.
 Yes 266 (40.1) 325 (44.5) 0.84 [0.68, 1.04] 0.113
 No 397 (59.9) 406 (55.5)  
S. flexneri
 Yes 195 (29.3) 206 (27.8) 1.06 [0.84, 1.34] 0.654
 No 468 (70.7) 525 (72.2)  
S. sonnei
 Yes 52 (7.8) 96 (13.1) 0.56 [0.39, 0.80] 0.002*
 No 611 (92.2) 635 (86.9)   
S. boydii
 Yes 7 (1.1) 15 (2.1) 0.43 [0.17, 1.05] 0.364
 No 656 (98.9) 716 (97.9)   
S. dysenteriae
 Yes 4 (0.6) 10 (1.4) 0.44 [0.14, 1.46] 0.246
 No 659 (99.4) 721 (98.6)   
V. cholerae
 Yes 10 9 0.99 [0.40, 2.46] 1.000
 No 721 654   
Salmonella
 Yes 17 25 1.65 [0.88, 3.07] 0.120
 No 714 638   
ETEC
 Yes 27 (4.1) 38 (5.2) 0.77 [0.47, 1.28] 0.385
 No 693 (94.8) 636 (95.9)   
EPEC
 Yes 69 65 1.19 [0.83, 1.69] 0.385
 No 594 666   
EAEC
 Yes 155 (23.4) 178 (24.4) 0.95 [0.74, 1.21] 0.717
 No 508 (76.6) 553 (75.6)   
Aeromonas
 Yes 170 (25.6) 186 (25.4) 1.01 [0.79, 1.28] 0.982
 No 493 (74.4) 545 (74.6)   
Campylobacter
 Yes 115 (17.3) 131 (17.9) 0.96 [0.73, 1.26] 0.833
 No 548 (82.7) 600 (82.1)   
Rotavirus
 Yes 113 (17.0) 106 (14.5) 1.21 [0.91, 1.62] 0.219
 No 550 (83.0) 625 (85.5)   
Norovirus
 Yes 44 (6.6) 59 (8.1) 0.81 [0.540, 1.21] 0.358
 No 619 (93.4) 672 (91.9)   
Adenovirus
 Yes 20 (3.0) 30 (4.0) 0.73 [0.41, 1.29] 0.344
 No 643 (97.0) 701 (96.0)   
Astrovirus
 Yes 8 (1.2) 9 (1.2) 0.98 [0.37, 2.55] 1.000
 No 655 (98.8) 722 (98.8)   
Sapovirus
 Yes 10 (1.5) 9 (1.2) 1.22 [0.49, 3.04] 0.830
 No 653 (98.5) 722 (98.8)   
Cryptosporidium
 Yes 49 (7.4) 49 (6.7) 1.11 [0.74, 1.67] 0.692
 No 614 (92.6) 682 (93.3)   
Giardia
 Yes 51 (7.7) 55 (7.7) 1.02 [0.69, 1.52] 0.986
 No 612 (92.3) 676 (92.5)   
E. histolytica
 Yes 51 (7.7) 42 (5.7) 1.37 [0.89, 2.08] 0.178
 No 612 (92.3) 689 (94.3)   
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, *p value statistically significant at < 0.05