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Table 1 Molecular identification of species of the Anopheles gambiae complex collected from the different agroecological zones

From: Genetic structure of Anopheles gambiae s.s populations following the use of insecticides on several consecutive years in southern Benin

Agroecological zones Localities Period of larvae collection Geographic coordinates Number tested Anopheles coluzzii Anopheles gambiae Hybrid forms
Latitude Longitude
Zone of the depression Toffo October 2017 6° 56′ 20.73″ N 2° 04′ 59.05″ E 28 21 7 0
Total   28 21 7 0
Bar-lands zone Klouékanmè June 2016 7° 03′ 08.61″ N 1° 51′ 57.42″ E 32 3 29 0
Dogbo June 2016 6° 48′ 19.18″ N 1° 47′ 16.53″ E 39 27 12 0
Toviklin June 2016 6° 56′ 20.73″ N 1° 46′ 24.08″ E 25 21 4 0
Avrankou June 2017 6° 33′ 42.31″ N 2° 38′ 55.35″ E 15 15 0 0
Porto-Novo April 2015 6° 29′ 53.71″ N 2° 37′ 42.60″ E 54 47 4 3
Ifangni September 2016 6° 40′ 44.49″ N 2° 43′ 02.62″ E 42 28 13 1
Bohicon May 2016 7° 10′ 48.42″ N 2° 04′ 17.44″ E 39 4 35 0
Zagnanado September 2017 7° 16′ 49.94″ N 2° 24′ 29.25″ E 29 19 10 0
Total   275 164 107 4
Central cotton zone Djidja September 2017 7° 20′ 46.64″ N 1° 56′ 08.00″ E 29 27 2 0
Kétou April 2016 7° 21′ 37.44″ N 2° 36′ 14.24″ E 41 31 10 0
Total   70 58 12 0
Fisheries zone Bopa September 2016 6° 42′ 12.40″ N 1° 56′ 56.48″ E 30 30 0 0
Comé September 2016 6° 24′ 34.78″ N 1° 53′ 07.35″ E 32 26 6 0
Lokossa September 2016 6° 38′ 43.20″ N 1° 43′ 11.36″ E 25 18 7 0
Cotonou April 2015/June 2017 6° 22′ 16.82″ N 2° 23′ 29.71″ E 175 167 5 3
Sô-Ava June 2017 6° 28′ 07.75″ N 2° 24′ 06.53″ E 80 80 0 0
Adjohoun April 2017 6° 42′ 09.74″ N 2° 29′ 56.18″ E 18 17 1 0
Total   360 338 19 3