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Table 1 Primers for polymerase chain reaction of qnr (A, B, and S) genes

From: Frequency of quinolone resistance genes among extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli strains isolated from urinary tract infections

Primersa Nucleotide sequences Size Reference
qnrA-F 5-AGAGGATTTCTCACGCCAGG-3 580 bp [14]
qnrA-R 5-TGCCAGGCACAGATCTTGAC-3
qnrB-F 5-GGMATHGAAATTCGCCACTG-3 264 bp
qnrB-R 5-TTTGCYGYYCGCCAGTCGAA-3
qnrS-F 5-GCAAGTTCATTGAACAGGGT-3 428 bp
qnrS-R 5-TCTAAACCGTCGAGTTCGGCG-3
  1. aF sense primer, R antisense primer