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Table 2 Influence of sex, age, educational level of parents, mosquito bed net use and anaemic status on the prevalence of P. falciparum by microscopy and RDT

From: Concurrence of CareStart™ Malaria HRP2 RDT with microscopy in population screening for Plasmodium falciparum infection in the Mount Cameroon area: predictors for RDT positivity

Parameter No. examined Microscopy RDT GMPD (range)/μL of blood
Prevalence (n) Prevalence (n)
Sex
 Male 218 22.5 (49) 35.8 (78) 218 (70–1162)
 female 273 31.9 (87) 42.9 (117) 172 (80–1122)
P value 0.021* 0.111 0.025*a
Age group in years
 ≤ 4 213 31.9 (68) 47.4 (101) 224 (82–1162)
 5–8 194 29.9 (58) 38.1 (74) 159 (70–1054)
 ≥ 9 84 11.9 (10) 23.8 (20) 141 (82–363)
P value 0.002** 0.001** 0.003**b
Educational level of parent
 No formal 68 63.2 (43) 57.4 (39) 276 (93–1162)
 Primary 169 20.7 (35) 45.6 (77) 165 (90–1102)
 Secondary 103 29.1 (30) 48.5 (50) 210 (74–1054)
 Tertiary 78 9.0 (7) 14.1 (11) 166 (82–366)
P value 0.001** 0.001** 0.173b
Mosquito bed net use
 Yes 306 15.4 (47) 35.6 (109) 192 (90–1162)
 No 184 48.4 (89) 46.7 (86) 185 (70–1122)
P value 0.001** 0.015* 0.562a
Anaemic status
 Anaemic 357 30.3 (108) 44.5 (159) 194 (74–1162)
 Non-anaemic 134 20.9 (28) 26.9 (36) 165 (70–1054)
P value 0.039* < 0.001*** 0.226a
  1. *Significant at P < 0.05 level, **significant at P < 0.01, ***significant at P < 0.001. Comparisons of proportions by χ2 and means were compared by aMann-Whitney U test and bKruskal-Wallis test after log transformation