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Table 5 Characteristics of outpatients under 5 years of age at provincial hospital (PH) and district hospitals (DH)

From: Antibiotic prescription for under-fives with common cold or upper respiratory tract infection in Savannakhet Province, Lao PDR

Characteristics PH DH Total
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Total 154 (100) 422 (100) 576 (100)
Boys 74 (48.1) 237 (56.2) 311 (54.0)
Girls 80 (51.9) 185 (43.8) 265 (46.0)
Age group
 0 year 29 (18.8) 98 (23.2) 127 (22.0)
 1 year 31 (20.1) 114 (27.0) 145 (25.2)
 2 years 42 (27.3) 93 (22.0) 135 (23.4)
 3 years 34 (22.1) 64 (15.2) 98 (17.0)
 4 years 18 (11.7) 53 (12.6) 71 (12.3)
Health insurances status
 Covered by health insurance 90 (58.4) 259 (61.4) 349 (60.6)
  SASS* 22 (14.3) 24 (5.7) 46 (8.0)
  SSO** 31 (20.1) 14 (3.3) 45 (7.8)
  CBHI** 37 (24.0) 201 (47.6) 238 (41.3)
  HEF* 0 (0.0) 21 (5.0) 21 (3.6)
 Not covered by health insurance 64 (41.6) 163 (38.6) 227 (39.4)
Symptomatic of outpatient
 Common cold 48 (31.2) 116 (27.5) 164 (28.5)
 Pharyngitis 92 (59.7) 26 (62.3) 355 (61.6)
 Otitis media 0 (0.0) 7 (1.7) 7 (1.2)
 Tonsilitis/amygdalite 14 (9.1) 36 (8.5) 50 (8.7)
  1. SASS state authority for social security, SSO social security organization, CBHI community-based health insurance, HEF health equity fund
  2. *p < 0.01
  3. **p < 0.001 between PH and DH